Online ISSN: 1989-9572

Keywords : feminism

The presence of academic history along the Spanish Higher Education

Inés Lozano Cabezas, Marcos Jesús Iglesias Martínez

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 204-216

Gender differentials in academic institutions are generating a high increase of studies on the female academic, the objectives are oriented to analyze and identify what are the reasons for these differences between teaching and research in higher education, especially in the representative bodies and university professors. Although there are political and institutional parameters that break the so-called "glass ceiling", the aim of this study has been to show clear evidence the situation of inequality and discrimination against women in the Spanish universities. The results collected, as well as numerous studies have analyzed to locate state of affairs, consistent with the evidence. The findings of this study show possible positions and attitudes that can contribute to break the academic representation of the Spanish university context. The investigations that probe the beliefs, thoughts and attitudes of female academic can be considered as a valuable resource for the social construction towards equality and essentially in promoting a genuine professional development of equity in the context of Higher Education

Gender, citizenship and inequalities

Giovanna Campani,

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 43-53

The Beijing Platform for Action and the CEDAW represent an important step in the affirmation of common values and of a shared opinion about gender equality for all human societies, regardless of their cultural and religious traditions. However, strong gender inequalities persist practically all over the world, as the four basic parameters -work, education, politics and health, which are used for the measurement of Gender Gap, the gender imbalance- indicate. The paper analyses the issue of gender equality versus persisting social and economic inequalities, taking into account an historical perspective, and focusing present problems. The paper raises a crucial question: is the persistence of sexism, discrimination, violence against women, the culmination of the resistances of religious institutions and conservative forces, undemocratic and authoritarian, or is it a consequence of the present World system, shaped by the dominating Western countries and their ideologies (namely market-centered ideologies) with their formal acceptation of democracy and of human rights?