Online ISSN: 1989-9572

Keywords : Mobility

Security, protection and family norms: Gendered and selective regulations of marriage and migration in Italy and Portugal

Marianna Bacci Tamburlini

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 141-155

This paper engages in a critical reflection on specific normative policies concerning migration and family in two contemporary European contexts. The analysis is based on fieldwork carried out in Portugal and Italy1, exploring the discourses and practices concerning the marriage of undocumented migrants in the context of the construction of “marriage of convenience” control policies. The underlying hypothesis is that the policing of mobility and intimate lives reproduces inequalities by intervening on the opportunities and constraints faced by some categories of migrants. Grounded in the literature exploring these mechanisms as part of broader processes of migrant inclusion and exclusion in the context of global human mobilities, the analysis problematizes both the criminalizing and victimizing perspectives on “undocumented migration”. On one side, the paper will discuss the problematic -and gendered- assumptions underpinning restrictive migratory policies. These include the invocation of “security” purposes, the protection of “vulnerable” groups, and the safeguard of national “family norms” in order to corroborate the restriction of migrant‟s rights. On the other side, the paper will give a brief overview of current laws, policies and institutional practices in the case studies, stemming from the preliminary qualitative analysis of empirical materials collected for the broader PhD project. These data indicate that rather than reaching their alleged goals, such restrictive migration control apparatuses potentially produce and reproduce the stratification of subjects along gender, socioeconomic and national origin lines.

Mobility, family, and gender: A transnational approach

Marzia Grassi

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 93-104

Mobility in transnational spaces modifies the relationships between individuals and within families and households in both sending and host countries. The impacts of gender on individuals‟ behaviour essentially establish the long-term effects migration brings in their lives. In this paper, after presenting the theoretical grounding of the research group “transnational lives, mobility and gender” (TLM&G)2, I will discuss the epistemological implications and choices involved in the methods of data collection in transnational mobility studies. I will conclude pointing to the necessity of rethinking mobility and family studies in a transnational gendered perspective through the adaptation of methodological instruments to the reality of contemporary human mobility. The general aim of the TLM&G research group is to explore the impact of mobility on individuals‟ lives, considering family and household relationships, and taking into account how integration experiences are affected by gender representations and selfperceptions. From the academic point of view, this research group will reinforce the sociological approach and the scientific background in this area in European and African countries, with a potential impact on transnationalism, migration, and family studies. Looking at mobility as a human right and opportunity for individuals and families, the aim is to contribute to a renewed theoretical approach on the differentiated conditions pertaining to migration access in the origin society as well as a differentiated scope of social integration in the host society