Increasing Motivation of Primary School Pupils’ Studying
Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers,
2020, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
AbstractThe scientific investigation reveals the topic of increasing the motivation of primary school pupils’ studying, which is relevant today and requires careful study. Data from the Institute of Educational Analytics, the German Internet Portal of statistics Statista, the World Bank and the international organization World Population Review have been used in the context of solving the problem of increasing motivation of primary school pupils’ studying in in Ukraine and Germany. The processing of statistics requires the use of methods of theoretical substantiation, analysis and comparison in the study. According to the World Bank’s education quality rating, Germany was ranked as one of the best countries with a high level of education quality in 2015-2017, and Ukraine ranked the 54th and the 56th places respectively. It has been found that today both in Germany and Ukraine an improvement of pupils’ studying at school is observed, it has been found that in the period of 2016-2018 the number of elementary schools in Ukraine decreased sharply, in Germany during 2008-2018 it has been a similar situation. The results of the series of studies have shown the presence in the practice of the activities of educators, psychologists and scientists, specializing in the study of this issue, a significant number of available and potential ways for increasing motivation. It has been studied the reasons for the learning motivation decrease and the factors influencing it, as well as five levels of learning motivation in primary school. In author’s opinion, the ARCS model is relevant nowadays, because it focuses on the motivational aspects of the educational environment and includes four components of motivation. It has been proved, that it is necessary to provide the innovative teaching methods in Ukrainian school during evaluation process. IT programs, that can improve the learning process and increase motivation in primary education has been presented.
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