Leadership, organization and gender. Speech of nursing middle management in public hospitals in Andalusia, Spain.
Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers,
2016, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages -
AbstractResearching leadership associated with gender in health organizations, is a current and important topic; It will establish improvement plans in the Clinical Management Units. The aim of this study is to know the opinion of intermediate nursing leaders about: The opinion on the type of leadership practiced how gender can influence the types of leadership, if the current economic, social, political and human factors are affecting the functioning of healthcare organizations. A phenomenological qualitative methodology has been used, a sample of 16 intermediate nursing leaders, which represent 16 Andalusian public hospitals. The information has been collected through interviews (structured, focused, directed and individual) created ¨ad hoc¨ .With their opinions we have known, the importance given to the standardization of the nursing competence, which guarantee the quality of care. As regarding the treatment related to gender, female nurses manifest inequalities, unlike the male nurses. The type of leadership exercised by male nurses is transformational or pure transactional, however female nurses incorporate a mix of transformational and transactional. The crisis that these professionals are suffering, affects their daily work and the interpersonal relationships. It concludes that gender creates differences in the type of leadership practiced. Intermediate nursing leaders see a need to develop improvement plans in health organization.
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