Validation process a of school climate questionnaire for Elementary students


  • Macarena Bondía Salas Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, España
  • Isabel Martínez Sánchez Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, España
  • Miguel Melendro Estefanía Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, España
  • Jorge Mora Rojo Consultor estadístico


The objective of this article is to describe the process of construction and validation of a useful and transferable tool for the assessment of the school climate, from the perspective of the students, in 2nd and 3rd cycle of Primary Education. The construction of the instrument involved the elaboration of a theoretical framework for the two main considered variables: Climate of general coexistence and Satisfaction and fulfillment of expectations. Based on this, a search and analysis of existing instruments was carried out, selecting the questionnaires of the Mexican INEE among the more than ten analyzed models and proceeding to their adaptation and evaluation to the Spanish context. Interjudge validation is done based on the frequency analysis of the assessment of Clarity and Coherence of each judge and each item and the Kendall W test. The results offer a positive evaluation of the judges in Clarity, as well as a lower presence of the maximum assessment in the Coherence aspect, in which a great homogeneity of the judges is detected. Thus, as the W of Kendall points out, it can be said that there is agreement in the valuation of the questionnaire items. It is concluded that the validated tool can offer significant results to evaluate the school climate and detect which variables are influencing it. All this will serve to build interventions that can improve it, being used in analogous contexts to the one used in its design and thus achieving a positive impact on learning outcomes