Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett <h1>About the Journal</h1> <p><a class="cmp_edit_link" style="font-size: 0.875rem;" href="https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/management/settings/context#masthead"><span class="pkp_screen_reader" style="display: inline !important;">Edit About the Journal</span></a></p> <div id="focusAndScope"> <p><strong>The Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers (JETT) </strong> is a quarterly journal, and is published in English language four times a year; <strong>March</strong>, <strong>June</strong>, <strong>September</strong> and<strong> December</strong>.<em><strong> ISSN : 1989-9572</strong></em></p> <p>JETT, as an online international journal, has a clear perspective: to have a leading role among academic journals in all fields of education.</p> <p>The objective of JETT is to disseminate good academic practices and research results of teaching professionals to every educational context in the world. JETT also aims to become an educational research database to help spreading young researchers works-masters and doctorates students above all- and to serve as an advertising vehicle for works ¨under writing or article handouts¨. Besides, another function of JETT is the diffusion of new publications through reviews.</p> </div> ResearchTrentz Academy Publishing Education Consultancy Services (Spain) en-US Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 1989-9572 Improvement of teaching methods of theoretical component of physical education (wıth the applicatıon of author teaching techniques) in the context of improving the level of social health of students of the special medical group https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1097 <p class="western" lang="uk-UA" style="text-indent: 1.25cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Calibri, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">The purpose</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #002060;"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"> of the study is to substantiate and experimentally verify the effectiveness of the teaching method of the theoretical component of physical education</span></span></span></span> <span style="color: #002060;"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"><span style="color: #002060;">with the use of author's methods of teaching in the context of increasing the level of social health of students of a special medical group</span><span style="color: #00b050;">. </span></span></span></span></span><span style="color: #002060;"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"><span style="font-weight: normal;">The following diagnostic tools were chosen: “value orientations” questionnaire (M. Rokich) “need for achievement questionnaire” (Y. B. Orlov)</span></span></span></span></span><span style="color: #002060;"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">.</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"><span style="font-weight: normal;">It was established that in real practice, with the traditional method of teaching theoretical material on physical education in a special medical group</span></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">mostly inefficient teaching methods are used, which do not involve students in active, creative activities in the class</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">.</span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">Students of the control group (n = 156), students of the experimental group (n = 159) took part in the experimental work</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="ru-RU">.</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">Study of the dynamics of the levels of formation of the motivation of students of the special medical group to increase their own level of social health</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">shows the significant advantages of the experimental group over the control group, which, in turn, confirms the effectiveness of the teaching method of the theoretical component of physical education</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">. </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">The use of the Pearson </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">2 test made it possible to find out that at the final control stage (after the end of the experiment) the differences between the distributions of the control and experimental groups are statistically significant</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> (p&lt;0,001).</span></span></span></span></p> Viacheslav Babych Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 1 9 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.001 Blended learning for secondary schools in Nam Dinh Province to satisfy new standards: The current situation and proposed models https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/985 <p>We offered blended learning models for high schools in Nam Dinh province to satisfy Vietnam's new criteria. These models were based on general approaches to issues, theoretical research, and field research based on surveys and anket questionnaires conducted throughout the area. The results of a survey demonstrate that high school teachers in Nam Dinh have gained a fundamental grasp of blended learning and have, in practice, embraced both online and face-to-face instruction, particularly during the height of the Covid-19 outbreak. However, there was not a standard model for blended learning, therefore it was only used by a few persons. In other contexts, the concept of "blended learning" referred to what was effectively a face-to-face session that was broadcast over the Internet without the necessary adjustments being made to the content, methodology, or evaluation. As a result, we offer a number of different ways to blended learning for high schools in Nam Dinh in order to improve the quality of education provided throughout the province.</p> Thi Bich Dao Pham Thi Hao Nguyen Ngoc Tu Nguyen Thi Bich Loi Phan Thi Hue Pham Thi Hong Van Nguyen Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 10 27 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.002 Teachers’ professional gestures which support self-regulated learning in primary education https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/816 <p>This project focuses on self-regulated learning in early primary education, i.e., for children aged from 4 to 9 years old. The objective is to identify the teacher’s gestures of support for self-regulated learning to happen and it is the continuation of preliminary work on the forms of creative collaboration between pupils and on the support of a reflective activity in class by the teacher. The project was carried out in a collaborative research partnership with a primary school in Switzerland (Cercle scolaire de Val-de-Ruz in the Canton of Neuchâtel) and a primary school in the United Kingdom (Kings Road Primary School in Old Trafford). Several collaborative research sessions were conducted with teachers and the school administration to identify the educational objectives of each lesson. Three flexible classes were followed through lesson observations and group interviews of teachers with the researchers over 18 months. The practical aims were to develop flexible pedagogical scenarios for the development of transversal competencies in the disciplinary fields of a primary school curriculum. These scenarios will subsequently be reported on in a professional journal. On a more theoretical perspective, the present study offers a better understanding of the professional gestures analyzed and summarized into a useful taxonomy, with repercussions for the initial training and continuing education of primary school teachers.</p> Daniel Bosmans Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 28 38 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.003 An invesigation of the ethnic landscape of the lexical system for teaching old Turkic language: A case of the language of the “Tonyukuk” monument https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1059 <p>The concept of “ethnic landscape of the lexical system” in itself expresses a very broad content. Ethnic landscape covers such concepts as customs and traditions, exotic lexicon, national way of life, etc. Once Turkic language is considered as a subject of teaching, then it may mean teaching directly about the Turk himself. Historically different Turkic tribes lived side by side, shoulder to shoulder. In their socio-political environment, historical and cultural life, as well as in their traditions, there were similarities as well as differences. Therefore, before going to this depth, it is considered more important to prioritize the study of teaching old Turkic languages. All this is made possible by referring to the language of the written monuments that provide more information about the Turkic tribes. One of them is the “Tonyukuk” stone inscription, which stands out from other monuments due to its uniqueness. The aim of this study is to pay attention to the tribal names in the language of this monument as a means of teaching old Turkic language. Although most of the tribes recorded in “Tonyukuk” are tribes of Turkic origin, occasionally tribes of non-Turkic origin are also found. Since the etymologicalization of the tribe names we recorded is of special interest, this issue is at the center of our research. As a research subject, twelve tribes were analyzed. The results have revealed that most of the ethnonyms recorded are notable of Turkic origin.</p> Gizilgul Abdullayeva Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 39 47 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.004 Pre-service teachers’ evaluation of the student internship program at a local college in Angeles city Pampanga, Philippines https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1036 <p>This present study was conducted to evaluate the implementation of the internship program of the Institute of Education, Arts and Sciences at City College of Angeles. Respondents of the study are 84 pre-service teachers from the Bachelor of Physical Education (BPEd) and Bachelor of Performing Arts (BPeA) program who had their internship last A.Y. 2021-2022. Results revealed that the internship program of the Teacher Education department is very effective since it is responsive to the needs of the stakeholders, and at the same time effective in helping students develop their skills needed for their teaching career. On the other hand, deployment of the students to various public schools in the conduct of their student internship program is one of the major issues found based on the results. On the positive note, pre-service teachers highly appreciate the internship program offered by the institute. Results of this study will be utilized for the improvement of the internship program of the pre-service teachers of the institute. Regular review of the BPEd and BPeA’s curriculum and courses to match the needs of the industry and organization should be performed. Additionally, possibilities of forging linkages with other private schools, and other industries related to the program is highly recommended. Lastly, formulation and development of the institutional policies and guidelines regarding the student internship program or deployment manual which may serve as reference for pre-service teachers is highly suggested.</p> JOSEPH LOBO Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 48 56 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.005 Self and task perception towards Visual Arts Course Scale: Validity and reliability Study https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1063 <p>This study aims to develop a scale to determine self and task perception of high school students towards Visual Arts Course. In the development process following stages were followed: Scanning the literature, examining previously developed scales, creating an item pool, getting expert opinions, doing a pilot study, doing item analysis, test-retest process, and data analysis. 259 high school students from 9th to 12th grades participated in the study and test-retest was conducted on 50 students. Six-factor draft form of the scale was formed by taking expectancy-belief theory into consideration. According to the CFA principles the scale has six factors, which are intrinsic value, attainment value/importance, extrinsic value, expectancy belief, task difficulty, required effort. The Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficients of six factors were found as 0,77; 0,82; 0,70; 0,87; 0,70 and 0,67, respectively. According to the test-retest results, it was found out that the stability of the scale was high. The results of item analysis according to means of lower-higher groups showed that each item in the scale was distinctive. For the criterion validity, the correlation between the scores obtained from the subscales and the scores obtained from the “motivation” factor of “Motivating Strategies in Learning Scale” were examined and it was found that the present scale was correlated with the “motivation” factor of “Motivating Strategies in Learning Scale”. It was found that there existed a low, medium and high correlation among the subscales.</p> Ahmet Kurnaz Rengin Temel Süleyman Arslantaş Tuğba Pürsün Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 120 131 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.012 An investigation of teaching alliteration in the ancient monuments: Samples of the epics of Song of the Nibelungs, Beowulf, The Saga of Igor Polk & Kitabi-Dada Gorgud https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1100 <p>In ancient monuments, alliteration manifests itself at different levels. In particular, if alliteration exists as an archetype of syllable and rhyme such as in “Song of the Nibelungs” and “Beowulf”, it is already about to give way to the rhyme system. Besides, the alliteration system in “The Saga of Igor Polk” weakens. Therefore, &nbsp;it can be said that it differs from the ancient Germanic epics and it appears in a stylistic-pragmatic essence. In addition, alliterations have episodic remains of the rhyming substitute function in “Kitabi-Dada Gorgud” epics as in “Beowulf”, which shows they had similar functions in ancient times. In this study, it is aimed to investigate teaching alliteration to unerstand the functions of some samples such as “Song of the Nibelungs”, “Beowulf”, “The Saga of Igor Polk” &amp; “Kitabi-Dada Gorgud”. For this purpose, the harmony of vowels and consonants in the words in the monuments were examined in terms of certain segments of textual pragmatics and repetition of sounds. The results have revealed that the parts where the full version of alliteration (archaic) are preserved, and that the parts where the alliteration is weakened and broken are replaced by the rhyme system. As a consequence teaching alliteration requires a clear presentation of the sound and ryme system in each monument.</p> Sevinj Fataliyev Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 57 65 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.006 Gen Z’s fitness concepts and ways to be fit: Insights to strengthen students’ learning experiences in tertiary physical education https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1027 <p>Being dubbed as digital natives born and raised in the highly industrial era, Generation Z Students differ from preceding generations. A data exposed an increasing number of dropped-out students in Physical Education classes in one of the leading State Universities in the Philippines. Several reasons have been revealed, and one of those is the current Tertiary Physical Education curriculum content. Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine the Fitness Concepts and Ways to Stay Fit for Generation Z students to enhance their learning experiences in Tertiary Physical Education. Using the Phenomenology Research Design, 95 research participants participated in focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and unobtrusive participants observation. The findings of this inquiry indicated three (3) reasons why Generation Z Students still perceive Physical Education as an important course in schools (Gadget Addiction; Early Childhood Diseases; and Stress Release) and six (6) techniques to stay healthy (Exercise and Physical Activities; Balanced Diet; Enough Sleep/Rest; Self-discipline; and Use of Technology). The findings and conclusions served as critical components in strengthening the Tertiary Physical Education curriculum to tailor the learning experiences to Generation Z students' concepts, ways, and preferences.</p> Ruben Jr Tagare Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 66 77 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.007 Effectiveness of distance education applications used in pandemic period: the case of TRNC universities https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1010 <p>In this paper, the transition processes of higher education institutions in the TRNC to distance education during the Covid-19 pandemic and their development in this regard are evaluated and examined. The aim of the research is to evaluate the practices of higher education institutions in the TRNC in the transition to distance education during the pandemic period. For this purpose, the transition processes and developments of higher education institutions in the TRNC to distance education during the Covid-19 pandemic are evaluated and examined in this study. In the research, descriptive survey model, which is one of the survey models, was used. The number of participants consisted of 30 people from 8 major universities in the TRNC. Participants were determined through purposive sampling. An interview form consisting of 8 open-ended questions was used to obtain the data that would form the basis of the research. It was seen that although there were minor setbacks in some universities during the full transition to distance education in the pandemic period, these problems were resolved in a short time, and in general, universities in the TRNC managed distance education well during the pandemic process.&nbsp;</p> Mustafa Yeniasır Burak Gökbulut Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 78 86 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.008 Didactic model of masters of philology training for cultural and educational activities under distance learning conditions https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1041 <p>The formation of the readiness of masters of philology for cultural and educational activities in the conditions of distance learning is a significant pedagogical problem, that it is one of the conditions of conscious, resource-oriented learning, aimed at acquiring the profession of a philologist teacher, the basis of training a successful teacher in the field of Ukrainian and foreign philology. The aim of the study is to determine, substantiate and experimentally verify the effectiveness of didactic conditions for the formation of the readiness of masters of philology for cultural and educational activities in the conditions of distance learning. The basis of empirical research was University of Ukoopspilks «Poltava University of Economics and Trade», Poltava V.&nbsp;G.&nbsp;Korolenko National Pedagogical University, Poltava State Agrarian University. The study was conducted in 2020–2022 study years. Research methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature; pedagogical observation; pedagogical experiment; pedagogical testing; methods of mathematical statistics. The sample consisted of 155 masters of philology, who studied in the second year of the master’s degree. The results of the ascertaining stage of the experiment proved the insufficient level of readiness of masters of philology, which determines the need to improve the process of their preparation for cultural and educational activities in the conditions of distance learning by implementing certain didactic conditions.</p> Nataliia Kononets Iryna Denysovets Oksana Mokliak Iryna Tyminska Liudmyla Deina Lesia Matviienko Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 87 96 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.009 Investigation of inference skill development levels in children https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1089 <p>This study aimed to determine the inference skill levels of preschool children aged between 5 and 6 and their development within a six-month period. The study that was conducted with the survey model involved 91 preschool-level children. As the data collection tool, two equivalent Inference Achievement Tests were used. Based on Chikalanga’s inference types, the Inference Achievement Tests each consisted of 14 open-ended questions. During the data collection process, participants were interviewed face-to-face with questions in the tests. The second achievement test was administered under the same conditions after six months. Responses of participants were recorded to be analyzed by two scholars. Answers were transferred to the statistical software after coding them as true or false, and the data were examined in relation to research questions. As a result of the analyses, it was determined that participants were successful at making inferences and that they showed statistically significant improvement in the six months. Based on the findings, it was suggested that children's inference skill levels must be considered in preschool comprehension activities.</p> Havva Bozkurt Bilge Nihat Bayat Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 97 108 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.010 Work values of graduating senior high school students: Its implication to college readiness https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1065 <p>The study utilized a descriptive research method using Donald Super’s Work Values Questionnaire in tracing the work values of 317 Grade 11 and 12 Senior High School Students of San Mariano National High School, San Mariano, Isabela. Mean, standard deviation, and analysis of variance with the Tukey test as post hoc was used in the interpretation of the data gathered. The significant differences in the work values of the students and the impact of the courses taken from the respondents on their work values in the workplace, working environment, interactions with co-workers, and work activities, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was conducted, and Tukey HSD as post hoc test also conducted to the significant indicator. Generally, there was a significant relationship among the assessments of the senior high school students. The result confirms that the perceptions of the respondents on work values are almost the same. The work values of the senior high school students in the different strands are generally high and were considered important. While the work values in the workplace and the work values in activities significantly predict the work values of the senior high school except for work values with a co-worker. This connotes that there was no significant relationship in the assessment of the senior high school students to these variables. Educational authorities will cater to the need to strengthen the determined weaknesses in the work values in their workplace, working environment, interaction with co-workers, and work values activities; design intervention programs and activities to enhance specific dimensions of each work value subscale on values training and a case study to determine the effectiveness of the interventions initiated is suggested.</p> Ruby Dimas Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 109 119 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.011 Research on the role of student-faculty social interaction outside class in training soft skills https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1073 <p>The research assessed the importance of social interaction outside class between lecturers and university students in training soft skills courses at FPT University in Ho Chi Minh City. The results of a random survey of 363 students studying at the university using questionnaires and in-depth interviews show the significant role of implementing and maintaining social interactions from various angles. The importance is increasing the interestingness of the lessons, thereby enhancing learning outcomes and the practical experience related to the course. So, they help those courses achieve the original purpose for which the school included them in the curriculum framework. Overall, most students have a relatively high level of satisfaction with their instructors in these social interactions. However, some lecturers are still cautious about this trend, thus causing student satisfaction levels to move in the opposite direction. Besides, the research also shows much lack of standards among students when their relationship with lecturers is no longer encapsulated in the classroom. Since then, the author has also come up with several solutions so that social interaction outside class can maximize its role in teaching and learning soft skills courses.</p> Hien Vo Ngoc Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 132 144 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.013 Formation of professional and communicative competencies in future coaches in olympic and professional sports https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1080 <p>The article is devoted to substantiation, implementation and verification of the effectiveness of the methodology of formation of professional and communicative competence of future coaches in Olympic and professional sports who study at the higher educational institution at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports. The research, which was conducted in 2019-2021, involved 106 students of Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University. Professional and communicative competence in the students of the experimental group (EG, n&nbsp;=&nbsp;54) was formed on the basis of the author’s methodology in the educative process; the students of the control group (CG, n&nbsp;=&nbsp;52) studied according to the existing university curriculum. According to the results of the pedagogical experiment, it was found that the increase in the number of students with a high level of professional and communicative competence formedness in the EG is 7.4%, in the CG is 1.9&nbsp;%; with a sufficient level – in the EG – 9.3&nbsp;%, in the CG – 3.8&nbsp;%. At the same time, the number of students with a low level of professional and communicative competence decreased by 20.4&nbsp;% in the process of pedagogical experiment in the EG, and by 7.7&nbsp;% in the CG. The analysis showed the high efficiency of the author’s methodology of professional and communicative competence forming in future coaches in Olympic and professional sports.</p> Grygoriy Griban Svitlana Vasylieva Igor Verbovskyi Alona Liashevych Iryna Lupaina Olena Grechanyk Olha Temchenko Lesia Vysochan Tetyana Skyrda Anzhela Denysenko Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 145 161 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.014 Styles of learning according to Felder&Soloman model and its relation with synthetic thinking of higher education students in the departments of chemistry https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1130 <p>This research aims to identify: 1-Favorite learning Styles according to (Felder&amp;Soloman) Model in this research sample&nbsp; 2- Expose statistically significant differences of Favorite learning style according to (Felder&amp;Soloman) Model due to gender variable (males and females and students if chemistry departments in colleges of (education, Science) 3-Synthetic Thinking in this research sample&nbsp; 4-Expose statistically significant differences in this research&nbsp; sample&nbsp; in synthetic thinking&nbsp; according to gender variable (males and females and students if chemistry departments in colleges of (education ,Science ) 5-Expose statistically significant differences in this research sample&nbsp;&nbsp; in collaboration relation according among learning Styles&nbsp; to&nbsp;&nbsp; in synthetic thinking and in (Felder&amp;Soloman) model &nbsp;according to gender variable (males and females and students of chemistry departments in colleges of (education, Science) 6-Expose the difference in relation among learning styles in synthetic thinking and in (Felder&amp;Soloman) model according to (gender and college) variables. This research sample numbered 275 MA students in the colleges of education and department of chemistry in all colleges of sciences were intentionally chosen numbered 86 males from colleges of education and sciences and 189 females from colleges of education and sciences .The researcher has made a measure for styles of learning according to (Felder&amp;Soloman) model consisted of 36 items distributed on five dipole styles and test of synthetic thinking consists of 12 essay questions distributed in 6 skills .The psychometric characteristics were affirmed by face validity ,validity by internal consistency. The SPSS program was used&nbsp; &nbsp;The research results show: 1-The research sample subjects used (serial, optical, sensual, meditation, active, intuitional, spelling, and finally total style).as the styles (optical, sensual, serial) comes at first degree and the other (intuitional, spelling and title) were not indication and came in hypothetical. 2-Not all the styles are influenced by gender and college variables and interaction between college variables for chemistry departments. 3-Weak synthetic thinking in MA students in colleges of education and colleges of science for chemistry departments. 4-Synthetical thinking is influenced by gender variables in favor of males because their average 5,1628 is bigger than females average 3.1746. Also synthetic thinking is not influenced by college variables and the interaction between gender and college. 5-There is positive extreme indication relation between styles of learning according to Felder&amp;Soloman model on synthetic thinking in institutional and (optical) indicated for males’ favor, (meditation) for education, serial in favor of sciences.</p> Sarah Waleed Rasheed Damyaa Salim Dawood Laith Mohammad Ayash Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 162 169 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.015 Collaboration between social workers and educational forces in schools: Advantages, objectives, content, and form https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1009 <p>Cooperation between social workers and educational forces in high schools is viewed as a two-way cooperative effort to assist learners needing intervention. Intervention, emergency support for teachers or students needing intervention or assistance; Organize events to promote student development, community integration, and assistance for teachers and parents in need. The evaluation criteria for the cooperation between social workers and educational forces are based on four coordination components. Includes four scales evaluating the advantages, objectives, contents, and form of cooperation between high school social work personnel and educational agencies. A review of the cooperation between social work personnel and educational forces in high schools is gaining interest, although no research has been conducted on this topic. According to research findings, coordination between social work personnel and educational forces in high schools has been formed, albeit to a low and inconsistent degree across activities. The institution must perfect the organizational structure of its operations, management, and social work divisions. Furthermore, when coordinating with educational forces, social work personnel must emphasize the benefits of cooperation with educational forces. In addition, social workers must be adaptable between forms and activities according to the conditions and nature of their work.</p> Bich Thi Ngoc Nguyen Tuong-Vy Vo-Thi Nguyen-Ha Nguyen-Vu Vinh-Long Tran-Chi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 170 180 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.016 Medical student’s attitudes and perceptions toward artificial intelligence applications https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1098 <p>To evaluate medical students' perceptions in radiology and medical applications of artificial intelligence (AI). Students at 10 prestigious medical schools were issued an online survey that was created using Survey Monkey. It was divided into many parts with the goal of assessing the students' past understanding of AI in radiology and beyond as well as their attitudes about AI in medicine more generally. Anonymity of the respondents was protected. A total of 263 students—166 female and 94 male—with a median age of 23—replied to the survey. Concerning 52 percent of respondents were aware of the current debate about AI in radiology, while 68 percent said they were ignorant of the underlying technology. abnormalities in radiological scans, but they believed that AI would not be able to provide a definitive diagnosis (56 percent). In contrast to claims that human radiologists would be displaced, the majority (77 percent and 86 percent) believed that AI would revolutionize and enhance radiology (83 percent). Over two-thirds of respondents felt that medical education must include AI (71 percent). Male and tech-savvy respondents had higher levels of confidence in the advantages of AI and lower levels of fear of these technologies in sub-group analyses. In conclusion, Contrary to what has been mentioned in the media, medical students are aware of the possible applications and effects of AI on radiology and medicine and do not worry that it will replace human radiologists. The situations in which artificial intelligence has reportedly substituted human radiologists are known to medical students. Since it is their duty, the field of radiology must take the initiative in teaching students about these freshly developed tools.</p> AlAli Meshari Ali A Faisal Ahmad Alhadlaq Ghaith Saleh Alabdullatif Abdulaziz Abdullah Basalem Aljoharah Abdullah Almaziad Ahood Ahmad Mahjari Ibrahim Abdullah Almazyad Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 181 187 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.017 Analysis of noun errors of Lao international students when learning Vietnamese https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1135 <p>In second language acquisition, learning vocabulary is the most important thing for learners. Vocabulary is the key in the process of learning a foreign language because only when rich in vocabulary will not hinder communication in a foreign language. In fact, in learning Vietnamese as a foreign language, the language errors that Lao students make, lexical errors are quite common. In order to meet the requirements of Vietnamese vocabulary in teaching Vietnamese to Lao students international students, it is theoretically imperative to study errors and find solutions to overcome Vietnamese vocabulary errors of Lao students and practical applications.</p> Duong Thi Ngu Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 188 195 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.018 The relationship between personal and socio-economic profile of the student-organization presidents of the Isabela State University https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1072 <p>The study was conducted to investigate on the link between and among personal and socio-economic profile of the student-organization presidents of the Isabela State University with their leadership skills and leadership orientation. The study utilized descriptive-correlational research design that was an instrument to assess and determine the relationship between the leadership orientations as well as the leadership skills of the presidents of student organizations and their select profile variables. Result reveals that the student-organization presidents of Isabela State University have high leadership outlook and interest as well as high ability to perform their duties and responsibilities in their respective organizations. They show high importance on people in their leadership orientation and very high relationship with people in their leadership skill which shows that the student-organization presidents of the Isabela State University are human resource or people oriented. Thus, they put primacy on human relations expressed in collaborating and empowering people rather than being rational and goal oriented. Moreover, the leadership orientation and leadership skills of the student- organization presidents are influenced, to a great extent, by their father’s educational attainment.</p> Roselle Beltran Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 195 209 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.019 The effect of teacher candidates on burnout levels during the pandemic process https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1117 <p>With the global pandemic, the education model has changed and education has moved to online environments around the world. It is the role of the teacher that does not change in this change in education. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the effect of future teacher candidates, who are students in the pandemic period, on the burnout levels. The research was carried out with the case study technique, which is one of the qualitative research methods. 32 teacher candidates participated in the research. Research data were collected through a semi-structured interview form and analyzed with content analysis technique. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the participants felt exhausted and tired due to the limitations experienced in the pandemic process, and this caused some difficulties in education. While prospective teachers had a positive view of the use of technology regarding the future of their profession, it was determined that the lack of practical courses in particular caused anxiety.</p> Esen Sucuoğlu Nesrin Menemenci Bahcelerli Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 210 220 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.020 Exploring factors affecting high school teachers’ participation in professional development https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/984 <p>In the era of massive change in educational content and pedagogies, it is worth noting that teachers’ professional development (PD) plays a crucial role in determining the quality of educational system. Enhancing teacher quality through professional development activities should be a priority for any schools. This study examines factors that influence high school teachers’ participation in professional development (PD). 966 high school teachers took part in the survey. Results show that there are a number of factors influencing high school teachers’s participation in professional learning activities, namely (1) Content of PD, (2) Learning community, (3) Management and Leadership, (4) PD’s advantages, (5) teachers’ perception, (6) time and (7) finance. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was applied to figure out factors and their level of impact on high school teachers’ learning. Results can be used as foundation to propose solutions to encourage teachers participating in PD activities, with the aims at improving teacher quality in educational system</p> Viet-Phuong Nguyen Thuy Tang Thi Thanh Thai Van Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 221 233 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.021 Applying coaching technologies in professional self-development of socionomy specialists in supporting families that have children with special needs https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1019 <p>The specifics of work of the socionomy specialists, their involvement in the socio-psychological support of educational and socialization processes determine the topicality of this research. The aim of the research was to test the effectiveness of coaching technologies in the professional self-development of specialists in supporting families that have children with special needs. Socionomy specialists were surveyed in order to determine their readiness for professional self-development. The author’s programme of professional self-development for socionomy specialists was developed based on the survey of respondents. Educational activities, socio-psychological support, adjustment of speech communications and physical activity of children with special needs were the programme components. The research results proved the hypothesis about the appropriateness of applying coaching technologies to promote the professional self-development of socionomy specialists. The implementation of the author’s Professional Self-development Programme resulted in an average increase in the respondents’ readiness for professional self-development of 11%.</p> Olena Fayerman Iryna Nikolenko Olena Holub Nataliia Krupenyna Jaroslav Hoshovskyi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 234 247 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.022 Application of the research approach to teaching future translators in higher educational institutions https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1013 <p>The aim of the study was to experimentally implement the concept of teaching translation in the system of higher linguistic education using a research approach. The pedagogical experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of the research approach in teaching future translators. The aim was achieved through the following methods: pedagogical experiment, Mehrabian Achievement Motivation Test; determining competence level in accordance with the criteria (low, medium, high). Wilcoxon test, McNimar’s test, χ2 (chi-squared test) were used to process statistical data. The introduction of pedagogical conditions in the experimental group resulted in decreasing low level of knowledge from 34% to 28%, while the high level rose from 8% to 26%. The indicators of the control group changed slightly. The experiment showed that the average number of correctly completed final test assignments by experimental group students was 2.66 more than in the control group, and the variance in the number of correctly completed assignments in the experimental group as a whole was 1.76 less than in the control group. The analysis of the data obtained demonstrates the effectiveness of implementing a research approach in teaching future translators. The respondents from the experimental group showed a higher relative level of professional competencies when compared with the respondents who were taught by common curriculum. Further research will focus on finding effective models for combining different innovative methods of teaching future translators.</p> Viktoriya Bilytska Olga Krysalo Valeriia Vasyliuk Kateryna Teleshun Maryna Rudenko Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 248 258 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.023 The “Pagbakas” of Filipino teachers in Thailand during the pandemic: A phenomonological study https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1060 <p>This qualitative study explored the lived experiences of Filipino teachers in the Kingdom of Thailand who were purposely-selected for being graduates of the Teacher Education Program of NIPSC and employed as either private or public school teachers in Thailand. The researcher used online medium to gather data such as Messenger, in which participants were interviewed as to their experiences and challenges encountered at workplace. Results shows that their experiences are considered as full of opportunities through landing a job in a foreign country and proving their worth as good professional teachers; challenging because they were able to use their knowledge and skills to compete with other teachers in a foreign country and overcome the difficulties in the workplace so to enjoy their teaching career. The participants also performed well in the workplace and gained praises for work well done as they grow personally and professionally by gaining more self-confidence, trust in their potentials, and desire for improvement. Despite the pandemic, Filipino teachers remained steadfast, prayerful, and with good values intact worthy of emulation. They are resilient and strive to excel in a global arena by maintaining their identities, providing evidence that they have embraced their roles as positive contributors to their learners and school communities, have overcome challenges in the workplace, and have served as inspiration to their fellow educators. The findings of this study could serve as an inspiring note for everyone seeking greener pasture here in the country or abroad who are working truly towards success.</p> Gilda Deguma Raul Deguma Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 259 271 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.024 The influence of hardiness on the effectiveness of students’ adaptation during the hostilities https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1066 <p><em>The article aims</em> to study the relationship between the hardiness level and the effectiveness of students’ adaptation to new learning conditions during the hostilities. The research involved <em>testing methods, questionnaire survey, and peer review</em>. The following techniques were used: the Purpose-in-Life Test, Maddi’s Hardiness Survey, Strategic Approach to Coping Scale, and Test of Personal Adjustment. <em>For statistical analysis were used</em>: Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Student’s t-test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. It was established that the average values of the scales of the Hardiness Test in almost healthy girls and boys in comparison with standard data differ in the positive direction on all scales of the test. For several qualitative characteristics of adaptability, the indicators of the experimental group are higher than those of the control group: the results of the experimental group significantly exceed the control group for the “Acceptance of others” indicator. The experimental group obtained a significant advantage in terms of emotional comfort and internal control. The study helped to reveal the connection between resilience and the effectiveness of students’ adaptation during hostilities. A direct relationship between high hardiness and more effective adaptation was proved. That is, it became possible to make students’ adaptation more efficient by increasing their hardiness.</p> Kseniia Bereziak Inna Diachenko Yuliia Hlinchuk Tetiana Kalinina Oleksandr Tereshchenko Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 272 282 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.025 An error analysis of students’ misconceptions and skill deficits in pre-calculus subjects https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1064 <p>The study determined the students’ misconceptions and skill deficits in Pre-Calculus subjects utilizing error analysis. It determined the students’ misconceptions, skill deficits, and their reasons, and propose reinforcement activities addressing the problem in Pre-Calculus subjects. A combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches was used in this study. The respondents were the 50 second-year Engineering students of Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology who have difficulty in pre-requisite subjects of Calculus. Based on the findings, students had misconceptions about the basic concepts and laws in Algebra necessary for performing fundamental algebraic operations. They also lacked skills in performing algebraic operations. Students also had misconceptions about Trigonometry, particularly on trigonometric functions and their inverses which were pre-requisite concepts and skills in higher mathematics subjects. Moreover, students had misconceptions about Analytic Geometry, particularly in the slope of a line, equations of a line, and graphing functions and conics. The reasons for their misconceptions and skill deficits were due to their lack of knowledge retention, teachers’ methodology, teachers’ lack of knowledge, and lots of school activities.</p> Cristo Mark Ancheta Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 283 295 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.026 Evaluation of the impact of cultural difference on in-school communication according to the opinions of school administrators and parents https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1149 <p>Communication between parents of students from different backgrounds and school administration is a problem that needs to be addressed in education. As Turkey's population becomes more and more diverse, school administrators must develop new ways to reach their stakeholders. For their children to be successful, all families must be involved in their children's academic development. Today, school administrators must identify innovative ways to convey vital information, and improve the level of communication within the school for parents from different backgrounds. Therefore, this research aims to evaluate the positive or negative effects of the communication process on Syrian immigrant students studying at primary school in the context of intercultural communication from the perspective of school administration and parents. The study group of the research, which was designed as a case study, is the families of Syrian students studying in primary schools in Gaziantep and Hatay, Turkey, and school administrators working in the schools where these students are enrolled. The perspectives of 18 parents and 12 school administrators who migrated from Syria were obtained with a semi-structured interview form. The data obtained from the semi-structured interview form were subjected to descriptive analysis using the NVivo R1 Program. As a result of the research, it was revealed that school administrators and parents should act in cooperation and firstly overcome the communication issue in order to find solutions to the problems of immigrant students. It can be said that in order for immigrant students to be successful, they need to support their education with assistance education programs and courses, and the school administration, which can help them in this regard, should do detailed research and obtain knowledge about them and their culture.</p> Gariban Mersin Fatma Köprülü Behcet Öznacar Didem Aydındağ Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 296 306 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.027 The attitudes of secondary school students living in Northern Cyprus before and after STEM education https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1150 <p>The scope of this research is to reveal the opinions of secondary school students after STEM Education Course in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Quantitative research methods were used in the research. The study group consists of 15 secondary school students aged 12 years. The questionnaire form developed by Özcan and Koca (2018) was used by the researcher after obtaining the necessary permissions to collect the data. SPSS-21 program was used for data analysis and modeling of the emerging situation. The findings obtained as a result of the research were discussed with the relevant field. As a result of the analysis, it was concluded that after the STEM education course, students developed their skills, and this education should be given in their schools and that it benefits them. In line with the results obtained, recommendations were made on STEM applications.</p> Sonay Dericioğlu BEHCET ÖZNACAR Fatma KÖPRÜLÜ Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 307 315 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.028 Building future specialists’ reflective and prognostic competence in the context of blended learning https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1038 <p>The aim of this study was to identify teaching methods that promote building students’ reflective and prognostic competence and to determine their effectiveness in the context of blended learning. The Bezpalko’s Scale was used to determine the level of reflective and prognostic competence. Final testing and questionnaire survey of students were also conducted. Besides, mathematical data processing methods, Pearson’s chi-squared test, Cohen’s kappa coefficient and Statistica software were used. The positive result of interactive methods such as case studies, projects, flipped classroom, interviews, discussions and debates in the development of reflective and prognostic competence was found, so they can be used in blended learning. It was established that the use of interactive methods has formed students’ habit to analyse their own learning experience more often. They learned to draw appropriate conclusions and take measures to improve learning productivity. The blended learning and the emphasis on the development of reflective and prognostic competence contributed to the development of students’ conciseness, clarity and accuracy in formulating opinions and answers to questions. It contributed to the development of the ability to predict possible ways to solve professional problems, anticipate and avoid risks, mistakes, creatively apply theoretical knowledge in performing practical assignments. The use of information and communication technologies and interactive methods in blended learning also contribute to the improvement in student learning outcomes by an average of 8%. Reflective and prognostic competence helps students to improve their performance during their studies and can be useful in future professional activities. However, purposeful work of all participants in the educational process is required for building and developing this competence. Future research should be aimed at finding effective ways and methods of building and developing reflective and prognostic competence in view of its importance in the professional activities of specialists in all fields.</p> Anastasiia Rudenko Zoryana Zhyhal Svitlana Cherkasova Natalia Moskalyuk Natalia Kosharna Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 316 327 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.029 Effectiveness of the exercises prepared to play zeybek music on the violin (The Case of Aydın Kadıoğlu Zeybek) https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1153 <p>This research aims to determine the effectiveness of the exercises prepared for violin adaptations which are similar to the traditional playing styles of zeybeks. For this purpose, an experimental study was carried out on the Aydın Kadıoğlu Zeybeği sample. The research was conducted with Gazi University Gazi Faculty of Education Department of Fine Arts Education Division of Music Education violin students in the 2017-2018 academic year with a single-group pretest-posttest experimental design. Ten exercises prepared by the researcher were studied with the students within the eight[1]week lesson plan. With Aydın Kadıoğlu Zeybeği Musical Performance Evaluation Scale, students' pretest and posttest recordings were scored by three violin educators. Aydın Kadıoğlu Zeybeği violin adaptation consists of seven measures. A significant difference was found in favor of the posttest in terms of intonation, being able to play the correct note, right-hand techniques, left-hand techniques, and being able to play an acceptable tempo for each measure, both for each criterion and the sum of all criteria. A significant difference was found in favor of the posttest in the sum of all criteria for the entire piece. As a result, it was understood that the exercises prepared for the playing of Aydın Kadıoğlu Zeybeği made a positive contribution to the playing of the piece. When violin adaptations are adapted by adhering to traditional performances used for educational purposes, it is recommended that these adaptations be studied with preparatory exercises.</p> Ozan Gülüm Aytekin Albuz Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 328 351 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.030 Students’ perception towards Google classroom to facilitate learning during emergency online learning https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1078 <p>During the COVID-19 pandemic, learning activities were suspended to reduce the number of viruses spread in Bali, Indonesia. During that time, students got little learning experience so there was a lot of learning lost. The policy taken is to shift learning to online learning. This study aims to determine students' perceptions of the use of Google Classroom as a learning platform in facilitating students during online learning. This research is survey research using in depth interview which was participated by 10 university students in Singaraja. The results of the study indicate that students feel that learning is more organized and learning needs can be accommodated. However, students think that the lack of support from internet signals sometimes hinders learning and discussion when using Google Classroom. The results of this study have the implication that a learning platform such as Google Classroom is needed to support the teaching and learning process.</p> I Putu Gede Parma Nyoman Dantes I Wayan Lasmawan Trianasari Trianasari Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 352 357 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.031 The level of school leadership awareness about education for sustainable development https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/895 <p><em>The research study was carried out to explore secondary schools head teachers’ awareness of Sustainable Development (SD) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). </em><em>Within the qualitative paradigm, a case study approach was employed to develop a deeper understanding of the case by gathering detailed responses from participants employing criterion-purposive sampling technique. </em><em>The data were collected through interviews and focus group discussion with four purposefully selected head teachers who extended their willingness to participate in the study. Member checking was undertaken in order to validate accuracy and credibility of the data and findings of the study. The findings revealed that the head teachers </em><em>demonstrated awareness of SD in terms of environmental sustainability, resource preservation, inter-generational equity and attainment of desirable future. T</em><em>he participants described ESD as education model for developing students’ knowledge and preparing them for participation in local and global activities carried out for SD. </em></p> Tajuddin Sharar Sadruddin Bahadur Qutoshi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 358 370 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.032 Development of alternative teaching materials for Life and Earth Sciences: Immunology as an example https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1104 <p>The school textbook is an essential element in the teaching-learning process. It represents a pedagogical support for the teacher as well as for the student. However, a survey conducted by our team among a sample of students in the third year of secondary school showed that the majority do not use the textbook as a pedagogical support for the acquisition of knowledge in Life and Earth Sciences (LES).</p> <p>An analytical study of the LES textbooks of the third year of Moroccan secondary school showed that these materials suffer from several shortcomings: cognitive errors, ambiguous vocabulary, and a mosaic of content that makes them difficult to use.</p> <p>In order to enhance the value of the textbook and facilitate its use by students, this article proposes an alternative document that will present a life and health sciences course designed according to a rethought pedagogical scenario, with a dominant participative style, guides for the exploitation of documents, functional diagrams, summary conclusions, etc.</p> <p>In order to evaluate the relevance of this project, the present work proposes, as a pilot sequence, the one relating to the mechanisms of specific immunity in the chapter "Immune responses". This article attempts to evaluate the acquisition of knowledge related to this theme, in an autonomous work session, by two groups of baccalaureate laureates of the Physical Sciences option who have the textbooks, "Al jadid fi SVT" or "Fi rihab SVT", as pedagogical supports. In a second phase, each group was divided into two sub-groups. The first was asked to use a different textbook. The second subgroup was asked to use the new personal production, relating to the same chapter, consisting of a document presenting the restructured course, illustrated by synthetic diagrams, cognitive assessments and summaries.</p> <p>The results of the evaluation carried out at the end of this experiment showed that the grades of the students in the second subgroups improved significantly, compared to the control subgroups. These promising results, demonstrated here, represent a motivation to continue the work on this project of revaluing school textbooks so that they can regain their privileged place in the Moroccan educational system.</p> Anouar Aidoun Rajae Zerhane Rachid Janati-Idrissi El Mostafa Amiri Mustafa El Alaoui Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 371 379 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.033 Didactic conditions for the formation of the readiness of future lawyers for professional activity during blended learning https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1056 <p>The relevance of the study is due to practical tasks regarding the purposeful formation of the readiness of future lawyers for professional activity during blended learning, which has been implemented in Ukraine since the beginning of the pandemic and during martial law. The aim of the study is to determine, justify and verify experimentally of the effectiveness of didactic conditions for the formation of the readiness of future lawyers for professional activity during blended learning. The basis of empirical research was University of Ukoopspilks «Poltava University of Economics and Trade», Poltava Cooperative College, VSP «Professional College of Management, Economics and Law of the Poltava State Agrarian University». The study was conducted in 2019–2022 study years. Research methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature; pedagogical observation; pedagogical experiment; pedagogical testing; methods of mathematical statistics. The experiment covered 407 students of law school graduation courses, future lawyers, who were studying in educational programs of specialty 081&nbsp;«Law» in the field of knowledge 08&nbsp;«Law», as well as 36&nbsp;teachers of legal disciplines, 7 teachers of the coordination group of the experiment. It was established that in experimental groups the qualitative and quantitative indicators of the readiness of future lawyers for professional activity during blended learning after the experiment were significantly higher than in control groups, which proves the versatile positive influence of the specified didactic conditions.</p> Nataliia Kononets Valeriy Zhamardiy Svitlana Nestulya Yevhen Denysenko Valeriia Ostashova Аnna Sokil Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 380 391 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.034 Evaluation of the in-service training courses of the physical education, health and sports teachers in schools of T.R.N.C Ministry of Education https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1161 <p>This study aims to research opinion of physical education, health and sport lecturers on in-service training courses sufficiency. Lecturers from 165 schools in 6 districts of TRNC have participated to this research. The data has been collected from 63 female and 128 males, total of 191 lecturers. In this research, personal information form, “The Evaluation Scale of Physical Education Teachers' Self-Oriented In-Service Training Programs” developed by Avşar (2006) and Karasolak et al. (2013) SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis of the results. If independent variable consists of two groups, The Mann-Whitney U test was used and if it consists of three or more groups the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. &nbsp;As a result, when the data is analysed, it is seen that the opinions of the physical education teachers were partially taken while the in-service training activities were being prepared, therefore the organized teaching activities were insufficient to meet the needs and deficiencies. It is understood that there are lack of technology usage, measurement and evaluation, adolescent psychology and the needs of students with disabilities during the courses. It is understood that the conditions of the places where the courses are held (educational content used, technological, physical and other infrastructure conditions) are partially sufficient.</p> Deniz Erdağ Salih Adakan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 392 402 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.035 The development of educational policy acceptance model https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1103 <p>This study is to develop an education policy acceptance model. Policy implementers need to implement education policies in the best possible way. However, due to the uncertainty of such situations, health, politics, and natural disasters, have an impact on the implementation of education policy and the quality of education. Thus, there is a need to determine what indicators can prevent this uncertainty and accept education policies to be implemented smoothly to guarantee the sustainability of the quality of education. The fact is that the Malaysian Education Quality Standard (SKPM), which is entering the third wave (2021-2025), is the last phase of the Malaysian Education Development Plan (PPPM 2013-2025). This policy has been carefully drafted without expecting the Covid-19 pandemic to occur. The pandemic and post-pandemic have had an impact on national education. In the economic context of education, Malaysia's education sector spending is the highest among other ASEAN countries. The 2022 budget presented by the Minister of Finance shows the education sector continues to be prioritized, with the largest allocation to the Malaysian Ministry of Education (KPM), which is as much as RM52.6 billion or 16% of the total Federal expenditure. By knowing the acceptance indicators of education policy, even if there are challenges such as health, politics, and natural disasters, stakeholders can focus on indicators involved in adopting policies and preventing uncertainty in implementing educational policies.</p> Mohd Faiz Mohd Yaakob Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 403 411 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.036 Student's reading interest and satisfaction of reading texts during studying at home https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1084 <p>The Covid-19 pandemic brings a new design of teaching and learning process. Teaching and learning process is done at home. Students access their learning material online. Especially, in reading class, students get online reading text to be learned. This study aimed at investigating the level of students reading interest and the correlation with the reading satisfaction during in online learning. There were 100 senior high school students became the subject of the present study. The data were obtained through conducting survey technique using close ended questionnaire. The result of the study showed that the interest level of most students was high with 3.60 mean score and 1.21439 (St). In addition, the score of Sig. (2-tailed) was 0.037 in which 0.037 &lt; 0.050 means that there is a significant correlation between reading interest and reading satisfaction. Thus, it can be said that reading interest influence reading satisfaction. All the educational stakeholders are expected to build a reading habit and facilitate learning source to the students.&nbsp;</p> Putu Dewi Puspitawati I Made Yudana Anak Agung Gede Agung Ni Made Sri Merta Sari Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 412 417 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.037 Digital tools for optimizing the educational process of a modern university under quarantine restrictions https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/848 <p>The educational situation, which resulted from the announced self-isolation regime, intensified the forced decisions on the organization of the distance educational process. The study is topical because of the provision of distance learning based on the experience of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. The study was conducted in three stages. Systemic, socio-communicative, competence approaches, sociological methods (questionnaires and interviews) were chosen as methodological tools of the research. The results of a survey of teachers and entrants to higher education institutions on the topic “Using social networks and digital platforms for online classes under the conditions of quarantine restrictions” allowed to scientifically substantiate the need for deeper knowledge of such tools as Google Meet (79%), Zoom (13.78%) and Google Classroom (11.62%), which are preferred by entrants. Almost a third of entrants (34.26%) noted the lack of scientific and methodological support for learning the subjects. The study showed high efficiency of messengers in distance education. The study found that in the process of organizing communication in the student-teacher system, it is necessary to take into account the priority of Telegram on the basis of which it is necessary to implement a chatbot for convenient and effective exchange of information about the educational process. Further research should focus on the effectiveness of the use of Telegram. The effectiveness of using chatbots should also be considered. Chatbots can be used to automate routine components of the learning process.</p> Nadiia Bachynska Oksana Klymenko Tetiana Novalska Halyna Salata Vladyslav Kasian Maryna Tsilyna Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 418 426 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.038 A sample implementation of teaching molecular structure of DNA in the classroom and the opinions of teacher candidates about it https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1162 <p>The purpose of this study is to carry out sample classroom applications in the teaching of the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which is the basis of the field of molecular biology, and obtaining the opinions of teacher candidates on these applications after they are completed. This is a basic, qualitative research study. The study was conducted in the fall semester of the academic year 2021-2022 at the Faculty of Education of a state university in Ankara. The participants from whom the data were collected were determined by the convenience sampling method. The research study group consisted of 15 teacher candidates, who were third-year biology students taking the molecular biology course. The interview form, developed by the researchers themselves and containing three questions, was the data collection tool for the study. Classroom applications used for the purposes of the study span a seven-year period. Teachings and other activities throughout the process were explained in detail. Thematic analysis, one of the qualitative analysis techniques, was used to analyze the data. The findings showed that teacher candidates who took part in the application had positive views about the teaching of the subject and the process.</p> Çiğdem Alev Özel Özlem Taşdelen Ezgi Güven Yıldırım Ayşe Nesibe Önder Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 427 441 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.039 ‘Sheep color, iron color, my room's color..’ How do 48-84 months-old children name and derivative colors? https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1127 <p>This study aims to investigate children's color naming levels and color name derivation tendencies. Also, this study investigated whether the color naming levels of the children differed according to gender and age. The study group consists of 431 preschool and first-grade children (48–84-month-old). This research was carried out as a descriptive survey study. The data were collected through a questionnaire form prepared by the researchers. The Chi-Square test technique and document analyses were used to analyze the data. The results show that the most recognized colors by children are red, yellow, and blue, the primary colors, respectively. On the other hand, children have difficulty naming colors: lilac, brown, navy blue, and gray. According to the results, primary and warm colors were named more accurately than the other hues. Moreover, children had difficulties naming the lightness and darkness levels of the colors. Name derivations for colors by 48-84-month-old children were collected under ten different themes. According to the results, the prominent themes in children's derivation of color names are light (e.g. light yellow), dark (e.g., dark green), closed (e.g., closed blue), reinforcers and quantifiers (e.g., very closed green), analogy to object and being, made-up color names, vibrant color names uncertain color names and color names in the literature. Document analyses indicates that children's main difficulty with colors is nomenclature.</p> Aysel Ferah Özcan Hilal İlknur Tunçeli Eslem Gözde Şenöz Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 442 451 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.040 The investigation of the mediator role of life satisfaction in the relationship between pre-service teachers' cognitive flexibility and psychological well-being https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1222 <p>The aim of this study is to examine the mediating role of life satisfaction in the relationship between pre-service teachers' cognitive flexibility levels and psychological well-being. In this study, which was designed in the relational research model, which is one of the quantitative research types, psychological well-being of pre-service teachers was determined as the dependent variable, cognitive flexibility levels as the independent variable, and life satisfaction as the mediating variable. In addition, the study group of the research consists of 173 pre-service teachers studying at Akdeniz University Faculty of Education in the 2021-2022 academic year and participating in the research voluntarily. Research data were collected with <em>Life Satisfaction</em> <em>Scale, Cognitive Flexibility</em> Scale and <em>Psychological Well-Being Scale</em>. The problem situation was determined by the researchers for the data obtained from the aforementioned scales and it was tested by conducting mediation analysis. SPSS 25 and LISREL 8.80 programs were used to analyze the data. Besides, the hypotheses determined by the researchers were tested using the Process Macro developed by Hayes. Within the scope of the research, it was concluded that the cognitive flexibility level of pre-service teachers has a significant effect on psychological well-being and life satisfaction has a mediating role in this effect. In this context, it can be said that it is possible to improve the psychological well-being of pre-service teachers by increasing their cognitive flexibility levels. Also, suggestions have been made to guide the researchers in future studies. As a result, hypotheses regarding the relationship between pre-service teachers' cognitive flexibility levels and life satisfaction were confirmed and the tested model was presented based on the literature.</p> Serpil Demirezen Şule Ötken Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 452 463 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.041 Education innovations: new wartime experience of Ukrainian universities https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1043 <p>The study defines the significance of the development and support of educational innovation processes in Ukraine during the difficult period of Russian military aggression and determines the specifics of the introduction of pedagogical innovations in universities in wartime conditions. The classification of education innovations is highlighted, and several innovative approaches to the organization of distance/blended learning are presented. Using the results of the survey of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University (Ukraine) students as an example, their attitude to distance learning as a large-scale innovation is presented, and several opinions regarding the use of e-books and electronic teaching aids are characterized. The management aspect of the organization of the university educational process is substantiated. The necessity of effective planning of an innovative strategy for the development of an educational institution is emphasized, the principal’s focus on qualitatively new changes, psychological and pedagogical staff interaction based on empathy and partnership, the formation of a common vision of the directions of professional progress of a modern university.</p> Olena Budnyk Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 464 471 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.042 Effects of the communication function on the change of meaning in the educational process https://jett.labosfor.com/index.php/jett/article/view/1226 <p>In the educational process, the effects of the communication function on the change of meaning of the ideas expressed in teaching are important in today's teaching and learning. Considering that sometimes misunderstandings arise between the parties involved in the learning process (teacher and student, teacher and learner). The article is about the phenomenon of the “language game”, which is one of the topical paradigms of recent times. The famous philosopher L.Wittgenstein was the author of this term, which is included in the science of linguistics. Of course, similar terms can be found in the works of other famous philosophers, linguists, psychologists. But with the appearance of the term “language game”, L.Wittgenstein seems to have restored the bridge between language and philosophy, which existed for a long time, but which remained due to some problems since centuries. Since pragmatics, which is one of the aspects of the sign system, examines the points related to the activity of the language, the “language game” is also considered one of the main points in the center of its research. Although “language games” by their general appearance and even their origin resemble the structural form of ordinary speech acts, they are completely distinguished from them in terms of a number of features. &nbsp;The main characteristic of “language games” is the disruption they cause in linguistic norms. Deliberately, purposefully violated rules have a special effect on the semantic load of each expression in the encoding-decoding process. As a result, the illocutionary force of the locative act formed in the form of a “language game” differs from the illocutionary force of ordinary speech acts. An element of illocutionary force that is normally present acquires a dual character. The illocutionary act, which has a double power, makes the communication process very interesting on the one hand, and complicated on the other hand, compared to ordinary speech acts.</p> <p>In this article, we will try to extensively investigate the effects of the communication function in the educational process on the change of meaning of the ideas expressed in the teaching, based on the educational materials.</p> Minekhanim Hajiyeva Copyright (c) 2022 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 13 5 472 482 10.47750/jett.2022.13.05.043