Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers <h1>About the Journal</h1> <p><a class="cmp_edit_link" style="font-size: 0.875rem;" href=""><span class="pkp_screen_reader" style="display: inline !important;">Edit About the Journal</span></a></p> <div id="focusAndScope"> <p><strong>The Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers (JETT) </strong> is a quarterly journal, and is published in English language four times a year; <strong>March</strong>, <strong>June</strong>, <strong>September</strong> and<strong> December</strong>.<em><strong> ISSN : 1989-9572</strong></em></p> <p>JETT, as an online international journal, has a clear perspective: to have a leading role among academic journals in all fields of education.</p> <p>The objective of JETT is to disseminate good academic practices and research results of teaching professionals to every educational context in the world. JETT also aims to become an educational research database to help spreading young researchers works-masters and doctorates students above all- and to serve as an advertising vehicle for works ¨under writing or article handouts¨. Besides, another function of JETT is the diffusion of new publications through reviews.</p> </div> ResearchTrentz Academy Publishing Education Consultancy Services (Spain) en-US Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 1989-9572 What do classroom teachers say in relation to inclusive education? <p>This study is concerned with primary school teachers’ thoughts on inclusive education and with in-class arrangements. The study, which was designed in qualitative study method, focuses on four sub-problems. The study group was composed of 10 classroom teachers who worked in Konya city centre. The data was collected from the teachers with semi-structured interview forms. The participants were asked four questions about the four sub-problems. Accordingly, for the first sub-problem, they were asked what inclusive education was and what it meant to them with the purpose of revealing their levels of readiness for inclusive education. For the second sub-problem, they were asked what activities they did in relation to in-class physical adaptations. For the third sub-problem, the teachers’ practices in relation to their instructional adaptations were investigated. And for the fourth sub-problem, the difficulties they encountered in practising inclusive education as well as the facilitating factors were searched. The data were put to content analysis, the themes were distinguished for the sub-problems and the themes were divided into categories. The findings demonstrated that the teachers were informed of inclusive education and that they made regulations in their physical adaptations&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;according to the classroom arrangement, seating arrangement in the classroom and students’ incapability. The participants stated that they used instructional adaptations by taking students’ personal traits, developmental properties and language development according to their ethnicity into consideration in accordance with contemporary system of education. The results obtained as a result of the interviews were discussed along with relevant literature.</p> Omur Gürel Selimoğlu Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 1 11 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.001 Academic performance of computer engineering students on the K-12 implementation <p>Academic performance is the measurement of students’ achievement across various academic subjects. Grades in Science and Mathematics subjects play an important role in finishing an engineering course on time. This study focused on demographic profile and the chosen strand in K-12 program as factors that may affect academic performance. The study is a quantitative research emphasizing the statistical and numerical analysis of data collected through questionnaires. Online approach using google form was used to disseminate the questionnaire in gathering responses as data needed in the study. The collected data was interpreted using analysis of variance or ANOVA. This statistical method was used to determine if there is a significant difference between the academic performance of Computer Engineering students, the demographic profile and the chosen strand in K-12 program. Result shows that there is no significant difference in the grade of students whatever their strands is. The weighted average of students in Science and Mathematics indicates a remarkable academic performance. There is no significant difference in the students’ demographic profile, chosen strand in K-12 program and their academic performance in Science and Mathematics subjects.</p> Monaliza Jimenez Dyan Gonzales Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 12 33 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.002 The importance of old Turkic official-legal documents in teaching of the Turkic language <p>The old Turkish official-legal texts, which are important sources in terms of teaching of the political and linguistic history of the Turks, as well as the Turkish legal system, are also important in the study of the history of the emergence, formation and development of the official-business style in Turkic languages. Only after identifying the features specific to the official-business style and systematizing them on the basis of typological classification, how and in which directions studying and teaching official-legal texts and other methodological issues can be solved. In this sense, teaching of the official-legal documents belonging to the ancient Turks, especially the stylistic-linguistic analysis of these texts, conditions the investigation of the old Turkic language from different perspectives. The basis of teaching of the texts is the scientific-theoretical clarification of the issue, the interpretation of the official-business style, the concept of the Turkish legal language.</p> Gatibe Vagif Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 34 41 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.003 Learning experiences of students in a general education course in mathematics <p>Providing students the avenue to express themselves and how they view their course learning is essential to motivate them and build their confidence to learn. Many studies were already conducted on the student's perception of the course using quantitative methods to determine the factors contributing to the enhancement and development of educational programs. The course's learning experiences are not well-known. Hence, the researchers conducted an in-depth analysis of the learning experiences of students in a general education course in Mathematics. By using a descriptive qualitative design, this study involved interviews with ten students pursuing the nursing course. Using semi-structured interviews, questions on perceptions, feelings, and thoughts about the general education course -- Mathematics in the Modern World – were asked from the student participants. Consequently, to analyze the data, the researchers made use of a thematic approach. Based on the in-depth analysis, the student's learning experiences can be summarized in two major themes: appreciation and criticism of the course. Some students appreciate the course because it is enjoyable, educative, helpful, and good. They also viewed the course as an essential subject in college. Others criticize the course stressing it was confusing, boring, and difficult. Because of the technical elements and analytical skills, the participants were confused and had trouble learning the course. Accordingly, this aspect must be considered in the course design, educational programs, and curriculum enhancement.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Glenda Rabanal Christian Domondon Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 42 49 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.004 Play-based pedagogy and creativity for early grade and preschool learners <p>Researchers, educators and policymakers promote play-based pedagogy because of its appropriateness in developing children's potential. Play is considered a lens through which children view their natural world and propose creative ways of dealing with their daily challenges. However, play as a teaching pedagogy remains inadequate due to insufficient understanding and practical use of various play-based pedagogies. Despite the importance placed on play-based pedagogy, children struggle to transform their creative abilities into functional real-world outcomes. The researcher, therefore, aims to investigate "play-based pedagogy and creativity for early-grade and preschool learners". Specifically, The research intended to find out; (a) how play-based pedagogy can be used to enhance the creativity of preschool and early-grade learners. (b) how a professional development programme assists preschool and early-grade teachers in enhancing learners' creativity. The study was conducted in Owerri Education Zone, Imo State, Nigeria. The study adopted a qualitative approach with a Participatory Action Research (PAR) design. The research participants were nine and purposively sampled from teachers of young learners aged five to eight years. The tool used for data collection was a Semi-structured interview and observational schedule. Findings from the study indicate that teachers have a poor understanding of diverse twenty-first-century-century play-based pedagogy used to enhance children's creativity. Furthermore, the teachers' professional development programme positively impacted learners' creativity. In conclusion, the study recommends teachers' professional development training on twenty-first-century play-based pedagogies to enhance learners' creative skills.</p> Martin Chukwudi Ekeh Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 50 62 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.005 Difficulties in learning biochemistry: Case of 1st year medical students, Tangier <p>Biochemistry takes an important place in the curriculum of life science students, as well as medical students, because it forms an essential basis for understanding the mechanisms of life at the molecular level. However, most university students still have more difficulties in learning this subject. The objective of our study is to establish a weighted list of difficulties in learning biochemistry. In order to accomplish this study, we exchanged with a group of students on this subject by the nominal group technique (TGN) and the questionnaire. <span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Actually, the results of the present study prove that the consulted students encounter difficulties to understand some chapters (structural biochemistry, biological interest of biomolecules and enzymology) because of their complexity especially with the overload of the program and the insufficiency of the time allocated to teaching this subject. In addition, they have difficulty in assimilating and memorizing, which may be related to the teaching method used and the lack of tutorial sessions, preventing any active involvement of the student in the learning process. </span>In conclusion, this study helped us to discover the problems that affect the quality of biochemistry learning for the students interviewed. On their part, they suggested some alternative solutions that reside in the adoption of new teaching methods promoting active learning as well as the integration of new communication and information technologies (ICT).</p> Zeinab Elhousni Jawhar LAAMECH Rajae ZERHANE Rachid JANATI-IDRISSI Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 63 74 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.006 The changing perception of education and the concept of digital education during the Covid-19 pandemic <p>This article presents a study conducted with the purpose of identifying the views of university students regarding the concept of digital education and the changing perception of education during the COVID-19 pandemic period, as well as the positive and negative aspects of this new understanding of education. Discovering the positive and negative impacts of the new learning perception caused by the digital education process on the students, and contributing to the future process in the context of the results constitute the primary purpose of this student-focused study. The case study method, which is one of the qualitative research techniques, has been adopted while conducting this study. Data have been collected digitally through a structured interview form prepared by the researchers, and the purposeful sampling technique was used to choose the participant students In the light of the data collected, it has been concluded that the participants have been negatively affected by the digital education processes in general; and when comparing digital education to face-to-face education, it has been determined that the majority of them preferred face-to-face education to distance education in terms of different educational outcomes. With regard to students' negative views on digital education, the reasons such as not being in the university environment physically, not being able to access the university's digital education resources due to physical and/or economic factors, psychological (feeling of inadequacy) and demographic factors come to the fore.</p> Nesrin Menemenci Bahcelerli Sinem Kasımoğlu Mustafa Ufuk Çelik Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 75 84 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.007 Experiential versus traditional pedagogy: A study of primary school in Delhi NCR <p>For too many students, schooling has not resulted in any learning. This has been recognised by National Educational Policy 2020, which suggests a pedagogical shift to curb this. This research will focus on understanding whether a pedagogical shift from traditional learning to experiential learning will lead to better learning outcome among primary school students. Using pre and post-test design, we divide forty students (n=40) of grade one in two groups. The first group experienced traditional pedagogy, while the second group experienced experiential pedagogy. Using SPSS 19, t- test was administered. The result indicates students in experiential learning (group two) have better pre-test scores than students in traditional learning. The outcome stipulates that experiential learning provides a holistic learning with better understanding which students can connect to their lives.</p> Ayushi Mathur Shruti Singh Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 95 107 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.009 Universities’ use of Instagram in the context of communication: The TRNC example <p class="Body" style="text-align: justify;">Social media has become a necessity for people. The fact remains that, the increase in the number of users of social media platforms and the fact that they spend a lot of time on social media cause some differences in the influence of users, in the desired direction of thinking and the need for verification. Recently, Instagram is among the platforms most used by university students. Starting from this, this study investigates how universities in TRNC use Instagram accounts in the context of communication. In line with this goal, the research, the posts shared by the five universities in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which have the most Instagram followers, in the fall semester of the 2021-2022 academic year, were analyzed by content analysis method. The posts were handled in 5 categories: news - announcement, promotion, culture, art, sports, social responsibility and special day. As a result of the study, the Instagram accounts of the universities were analyzed.</p> Mustafa Ufuk Çelik Ahmet Can Temel Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 85 94 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.08 The role of the media in mindfulness of the social and educational consequences of early forced marriages <p>It is seen that the rate of women who are forced into marriage at a young age in Turkey is above the average in the world. In this study, it is aimed to understand the current situation of child marriage, which is a social problem, primarily through media tools and to propose solutions by making scientific contributions to this issue. The province of Mardin, which is famous for being the subject of marriages even in various TV series, has an average above Turkey in terms of child marriages. For this reason, the research population is the province of Mardin. In-depth interview technique, which is one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the research. Within the scope of the interview, in-depth interviews were conducted with 5 female participants and 2 local media employees. Open-ended questions were asked to them and the subject was examined in depth. Research data were analyzed by content analysis technique. As a result of the findings obtained as a result of the research, it is remarked that women who are married at a young age are primarily banned from education life. Three of the participants are illiterate. Besides, women who grow up as individuals deprived of their own rights take a more passive role in business and social life. With the new media taking a wider place in our lives, studies on forced marriages at a young age are coming to light. It can be said that this issue, which was ignored in the traditional media, came back to the agenda of the society through the new media and social media. Meanwhile, with the migration movement in recent years, the resettlement of refugees in the country and their continued cultural and social life has brought the issue of child marriages to the featured again. In the research, it can be said that this problem, which has regressed with the media forming public opinion, has become visible again in recent years.</p> Sinem Kasımoğlu Şükran Tekin Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 108 119 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.010 Importance of inclusion of financial literacy in national educational policy: A study with salaried smployees in Tamil Nādu <p><em>Financial Literacy is a need-for-the-hour concept, to boost investments and increase returns it is indeed to have financial knowledge, attitude, and behaviour along with financial literacy, this paper tries to measure the financial literacy levels of employees in south India and to collect insight on individuals’ perception of the inclusion of financial literacy in National Education Policy 2020. A survey has been conducted and collected data through questionnaire, percentage analysis and chi-square has been used to analyse the data. The results say only 31.6% have financial literacy, in that males have a higher rate of financial literacy compared to females. The inclusion of financial literacy in NEP 2020 must be properly enforced so that it can increase public investments and in turn, it improves economic growth more policies and initiatives had to be formulated to educate people on financial literacy.</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Financial literacy, NEP, salaried employees.</em></p> Ranjithaa K C Sreeya B Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 120 130 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.011 Revisiting the level of school-based management in public elementary schools of Santiago City, Isabela, Philippines <p>The study aimed to determine the level of implementation of school-based management in public elementary schools in Santiago City, Isabela, Philippines. It also investigated the level of stakeholders’ engagement in terms of school programs, school projects and school activities. The descriptive method of research was used in order to present the data and correlational analysis was also used in order to determine the relationship between the stakeholders’ engagement and the implementation of school-based management.&nbsp; Result shows that the stakeholders’ engagement is on the level where stakeholders engage in a productive working relationship, the level of implementation of School-Based Management is collaboratively developed by the school community and there is a significant relationship between stakeholders’ engagement and implementation of School-Based Management. It is recommended that the public elementary may enhance the promotion advocacy that supports the sustainability of school programs, projects, and activities and there is a need of further orientation on the roles of the public-school teachers to effectively perform their functions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jonathan Roque Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 131 145 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.012 Identifying the gaps between study and practice for trainee teachers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A qualitative study <p>Teacher preparation programmes are important because they provide students with the knowledge and experience necessary to teach academic and life skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study’s aim is to identify the gaps between study and practice for trainee teachers who will teach students with ASD. This was achieved by examining and evaluating responses from trainee teachers in their first field experiences of working with students with ASD and understanding their perspectives regarding what they felt was missing from their college preparation prior to in-field experience. A qualitative design was utilised in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with six trainee teachers from the special education department during their first field training with students with ASD. Six main themes were identified, including the first encounter of real cases, reality is unlike books, challenges dealing with teachers, difficulty communicating with parents, inadequate knowledge of evidence-based practices (EBP) for children with ASD, and the need for critical assessment from different parties</p> Alyaa Hemdi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 14 1 146 155 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.013 Model of smart lecture halls towards the trend of high-tech teaching and the connection between Business and University <p>The application of high-tech equipment to teaching and learning at universities is a common trend in the world, especially in countries with advanced education. The Edtech trend has developed in Vietnam since 2018, marking the development of Vietnamese education, when technological progress from new technologies has been strongly deployed in education. This helps to form a new teaching method towards digital education. It is the maximum promotion of the role of learners and teachers, especially this trend towards developing learners' capacity. Therefore, the study is trying to examine the impact of digital transformation and the issue of university-enterprise cooperation in developing intelligent learning models. That helps to improve teaching effectiveness and student learning outcomes in higher education. The method of survey and survey by questionnaire combined with in-depth interview method is applied to evaluate, analyze, identify and prove the proposed hypotheses. The study proposes the widespread application and deployment of the smart lecture hall model in creating a new learning method for existing educators that integrates Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Simultaneously combined with Team-Based Learning teaching methods. Smart classroom model facilitates two-way interaction, students clearly show their central role in teaching sessions. The "Smart Classroom" model will continue to contribute to shortening the gap in education infrastructure of Vietnam with other countries in the region and the world, towards realizing the goal of digital transformation in education.</p> Hằng Nguyễn Hang Nguyen Thi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 156 166 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.014 The role of modern semantic theories in the teaching and learning process (based on German materials) <p>Philosophical analysis of socio-economic, socio-political, cultural processes of the modern era includes their historical roots, including philosophical research. It is necessary to clarify the meaning of rational bases on which it is possible to develop effective educational strategies, taking into account the situation that creates non-standard difficulties for society in a constantly changing world. Currently, there are real opportunities for the development and implementation of new educational strategies that will meet the needs of the modern development of society on the one hand, and take into account the spiritual dimension of human existence on the other hand.</p> <p>These processes affect many problems related to both the analysis of existing educational systems and doctrines, and the search for new ways that take into account existing experience. Modeling is a method of studying social phenomena and processes based on replacing conventional images of real objects with their analogues. In my modeling process, the characteristics, relationships and directions of the studied systems and processes are reflected, which allows us to assess their state, make predictions and make informed decisions.</p> <p>&nbsp; The article talks about the role of semantic theories in the teaching process based on the German language materials, the ways that allow to determine the importance of the justification of the methodological level for the implementation of the pedagogical paradigm.</p> Khuraman Askerova Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 167 177 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.015 Towards a UTAUT model for acceptance of massive open online courses (MOOCs) <p>In many training institutions, the major advancement of Information Technology is having a profound impact on the way in which instructors teach and students learn, as well as how the two interact. The training process is continuing with the goal of enhancing the calibre of instruction and engagement. Top colleges and institutions have more recently developed a variety of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) systems centred on the development of new educational offering ways. These have not only captured the interest of students and scholars in the field of higher education, but also that of staff members in the private and public sectors. This study uses a Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology&nbsp;(UTAUT) model to assess the top MOOC providers and pinpoint the key elements influencing learner acceptance of MOOCs in Saudi Arabian training. A total of 382 government trainees in Saudi Arabia participated in an online survey, the results of which underwent analysis using structural equation modelling. This study identifies the key elements influencing Saudi government employee trainees’ intentions to use MOOCs, with the findings indicating that the suggested model can account for 86.2% of user behaviour and 88.5% of user intentions.</p> Sara Alotaibi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 178 190 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.016 The implication of licensing of secondary mathematics teachers in policy making in the Philippines <p>This is a policy oriented study relative to the assessment of the performance of Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs) and their capability to produce quality secondary mathematics teachers from national regional and institutional levels based on the results of the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) over the five years 2003-2008. This study utilized both qualitative and quantitative research designs. Majority of the LET passers and non-passers for prospective secondary mathematics teachers are nurtured and trained by state universities and colleges (SUCs) both at the national and regional levels. Based on overall, the performance of institutions which supply LET secondary with specialization in mathematics were consistently above the national passing rates for the 5-year period. For every 10 examinees with specialization in mathematics wanting to get the license to teach, only about four are successful for every year. The supply of licensed mathematics teachers is dominated by graduates of non-Bachelor of Secondary Education (BSEd). With the growing population of high school students and the implementation of K to 12 program, the potential future supply of qualified mathematics teachers who are BSEd graduates would not be enough. Thus, many of the future mathematics teachers will not be adequately prepared in terms of pedagogical skills.</p> Nilda Aggabao Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 202 215 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.017 The teachers’ self-efficacy for motivating senior high school students of Isabela province <p>The study determined the extent of teachers’ self-efficacy for motivating students and the strategies they use in the classroom in terms of efficacy for diagnosis and intervention scale and general beliefs scale. It also determined the relationship between the extent of teachers' self-efficacy for motivating students and the strategies they use in the classroom and their gender. The descriptive-correlational method of research was used in the study.&nbsp; The data collected were tallied, categorized and tabulated to provide information needed in this study. Kendall’s Tau b was used to determine the significant of the relationships between the variables under study. Result shows that the extent of teachers’ self-efficacy for motivating students in terms of confidence about diagnosing motivation has resulted to mean ratings of 3.76 to 4.14 given by the students and 3.97 to 4.38 from the teachers resulting to grand means of 3.90 to 4.26.&nbsp; The data reveals that both students and the teachers often observe that teachers can tell when students are motivated to learn in the class, teachers have indicators to successfully identify unmotivated students and generally, the students believe that the teacher can accurately tell when students are not motivated in class. On the other hand, in terms of general beliefs scale the results of the mean has rated 3.91 to 4.00 given by the students and 4.11 to 4.37 the teachers with grand means ranging from 4.01 to 4.14 reveal that they oftentimes perceive that the teachers are confident that they really can do a lot to influence students' motivation, know that students' motivation is generally pretty responsive to teachers' influence and frequently believe that students' motivation can usually be influenced by different strategies. In addition, only gender has some kind of relationship with the perception as to the extent of motivating strategies and general beliefs.&nbsp; The correlation value of -0.09 with 0.02 significance level implies that the attitude of the teachers of not wasting time trying to motivate some students have a bearing on their gender.&nbsp; Male teachers had the greater tendency to show this attitude as compared to the females and the LGBT teachers. The gender of the senior high school teachers has a significant association with the general beliefs on the malleability of motivation.&nbsp; The correlation values of 0.17 and 0.19 with significant levels less than 0.05 implies that the LGBT teachers tend to have a higher conviction about teachers being very confident that they really can do a lot to influence students' motivation and that students' motivation is generally pretty responsive to teachers' influence. Future research may also look into some other profile of the respondents that will correlate with the self-efficacy in motivating the senior high school students to test the best results of the motivating factors.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> martina penalber Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 202 215 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.018 Evaluation of undergraduate remote learning in STEM fields: The COVID-19 prognosis <p><em>Comparative positions have been drawn in the literature for and against the efficacy of face-to-face instruction and remote learning especially during Covid-19. However, positions drawn are often not discipline related especially in the developing nations where access to requisite infrastructure is limited. An investigation into the platforms used, challenges and impact of remote learning among STEM undergraduates is the focus of this study. A descriptive research design was employed in the form of survey. Snowballing technique was employed in the sampling of 250 respondents drawn from STEM fields.&nbsp; STEM Undergraduate Remote Learning Questionnaire (SURLQ) was researcher designed with Cronbach’s alpha value of .86 from inter-rater reliability. Three research questions raised were answered using the mean value of responses with subsequent hypotheses tested using One-way ANOVA. From the result, Zoom application was the most prominent for remote learning among respondents. Inadequate preparation, concentration deficit, absence of motivation, lack of account for individual differences in lesson planning and impeded assimilation were among the challenges experienced by STEM undergraduates. Finding on the impact and effectiveness of remote learning were also reported. The study concludes among others that there was limited adaptive features to accommodate practical session remotely during the pandemic and recommend discipline specific updates to accommodate the lapses identified.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Olalekan Badmus Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 216 227 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.019 The model of implementation of distance learning in out-of-school education institutions <p>The educational community boldly began to master and use digital technologies as a means of interaction with students, when organizing distance learning. Teachers began to look for new forms and methods of working with children. The aim of the study is to determine, substantiate and experimentally verify the effectiveness of the model of distance learning implementation in out-of-school education institutions. The experiment was carried out in the period from 2021–2022 academic year on the basis of the Poltava Regional Center for Scientific and Technical Creativity of Pupil Youth of the Poltava Regional Council. 118 teachers of the Poltava Regional Center of Scientific and Technical Creativity of Pupil Youth of the Poltava Regional Council took part in the survey and ranking. Research methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature; pedagogical observation; pedagogical experiment; pedagogical testing; methods of mathematical statistics. Results of the pedagogical experiment proved the effectiveness of the distance learning implementation model in out-of-school education institutions, which consists of theoretical, technological and reflective blocks, which is confirmed by qualitative modeling.</p> Larysa Vorona Nataliia Kononets Valeriy Zhamardiy Iryna Babenko Tetiana Blahova Oleksandr Zhyrov Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 228 239 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.020 Teachers’ vıews on teaching social studies supported with augmented reality <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of activity-based teaching method supported with augmented reality on space perception skills of fifth grade students. The study group consisted of 12 volunteer classroom teachers in total, including eight female and four male teachers in a private school affiliated to the Ministry of National Education of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. It aimed to evaluate teachers’ views about the contribution of instructional leadership of classroom teachers on students’ motivation. The data were collected using a qualitative research method by receiving teachers’ views. A semi-structured interview form was used to collect the data. The study results have shown that the augmented reality applications are inadequate in teaching space perception skills and there is a need for technological support. However, teachers cannot use technology-based educational applications in their lessons due to the lack of physical equipment.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Şeniz Şensoy Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 240 247 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.021 Assessing the K-12 program implementation in the Philippines as an input to school-based policy plan <p><em>The Philippines used the K-12 program also known as the Republic Act 10533 (RA 10533) to raise the quality of its education so that it would be on par with that of other countries. However, since this is a new educational scheme, the Filipinos may have some shortcomings on the knowledge and skills they need to meet the requirements of the K-12 program which triggers the researcher to come up with this study. This study looked at how secondary school teachers of Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology (NEUST) implemented the K-12 program during the 2019-2020 school year. It looked at the curriculum, instruction, challenges, changes, and compliance with the standard. The descriptive method was used in the study to describe how the K–12 curriculum was being used in the school at the time. Purposive sampling was used to choose 69 people from NEUST's four campuses. Weighted means were used to figure out how they felt about the curriculum, teaching-related factors, and the problems and changes they had to deal with. The results showed that the curriculum's content, goals, and teaching-related factors are in line with the standards, policies, or guidelines set by RA 10533. However, some improvements are needed because elective subjects have been added.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Gerald Quijano Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 248 266 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.022 Problem-solving and decision-making skills of school administrators influenced by their individual preferences <p>Decision-making and problem-solving processes play a crucial role in enabling organizations to deal with a complex global environment. This analytical investigation aimed to determine the perceptual levels of problem-solving and decision-making skills of administrators belonging to top-and-middle-level administrators in Nueva Vizcaya State University Bayombong and Bambang campus influenced by their individual preferences. It identified the prevailing organizational decision-making models and the relationship of profile variables with problem-solving and decision-making skills. The study made use of descriptive-correlational-comparative research design. In gathering the individual preferences, a three-factor model based on Carl Jung’s study with the primary tool, “Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Questionnaire.” The results showed that respondents belonging to the ambivert type have “high” problem-solving and decision-making skills, critical thinking, risk assessment, alternative weighing, data gathering and processing, perception and judgment, tool selection, and “moderate” lateral conceptualization skills. The prevalent organizational decision-making models employed are routine and creative. It was identified that educational attainment, designation, and the number of years in a position influence the respondent’s problem-solving and decision-making practices. Individual preferences significantly relate to critical thinking skills than other problem-solving and decision-making skills.</p> Regino Galate Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 14 1 267 278 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.023 Gamification in developing readiness for self-fulfillment in students of higher educational institutions <p><em>The aim</em> of the article is to study the peculiarities of the issue of gamification when developing readiness for self-fulfillment in students of higher educational institutions (HEIs) in the course of education. <em>Methods.</em> The research involved testing, factor analysis, and statistical data processing. The following research methods were used: the Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being (RPWB); the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI). Reliability of tools and methods was determined using Cronbach’s α. Statistical data were processed using Spearman’s correlation coefficient and Fisher’s test. <em>Results.</em> The following results were obtained during the research. The Self-acceptance Scale has the lowest arithmetic mean, which is also within the lower manifestation limit. There are no high indicators on this scale. The largest share of the sample — 61.25% — has a medium self-acceptance level, of which 32.5% are students of the experimental group (EG), and 28.75% are students of the control group (CG). A low level of self-acceptance is characteristic of 21.25% of students in the control group and 17.5% of students in the experimental group. <em>Conclusions</em>. Based on the obtained data, it is possible to unequivocally assert the effectiveness of gamification in developing students’ readiness for self-fulfillment. <em>Prospects.</em> It is necessary to continue the search for effective means of developing readiness for self-fulfillment in order to take into account the individual characteristics of each student. Other studies may focus on verifying the existing methods of working with readiness for self-fulfillment and proposing more effective ones.</p> Liudmyla Tsurkan Mykola Dubinka Nataliia Savchenko Lidiia Slipchyshyn Mykhailo Kalenyk Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 279 289 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.024 Development of project competence of physical culture specialists to be by means of cloud technologies during work placement internships <p>The relevance of the research is determined by the contradiction that arose between the need to develop the project competence of physical culture specialists to be during work placement internships and the lack of experience in using the Google Classroom cloud service as a technology for its development. The aim of the study is to carry out an analytical review of the effectiveness of the use of cloud technologies in the process of development of project competence of physical culture specialists to be during work placement internships. The basis of empirical research was Poltava V.&nbsp;G.&nbsp;Korolenko National Pedagogical University. The study was conducted in 2021–2022 study years. The pedagogical experiment was carried out in two stages – ascertaining and formative. Involved 126&nbsp;students (70&nbsp;students from specialty 014.11&nbsp;Secondary Education (Physical Culture) and 56&nbsp;students from specialty 017&nbsp;Physical Culture and Sports). Also, 12&nbsp;teachers of professional disciplines, who performed the functions of methodologists and consultants, took part in the research. Research methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature; pedagogical observation; pedagogical experiment; pedagogical testing; methods of mathematical statistics. In the end of the experiment, it was found that in the experimental group the high level of development of project competence of the students increased significantly – from 8,2&nbsp;% to 23,0&nbsp;%, but the low level significantly decreased (by 29,6&nbsp;%) – from 44,3&nbsp;% to 14,7&nbsp;%; in the control group, 12,3&nbsp;% of students acquired a high level, and the low level decreased to 35,4&nbsp;%.</p> Oksana Danysko Oksana Kornosenko Iryna Taranenko Valentyna Bondarenko Valeriy Zhamardiy Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 290 301 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.025 Customized learning management system for the students and teachers of Isabela State University-Ilagan Campus, Philippines <p>The COVID19 pandemic causes academic institutions to shift from traditional face-to-face to online teaching and learning processes. Nevertheless, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) supports freedom for the institutions to choose which Learning Management (LMS) to implement as a learning platform. The study helps determine if the campus is ready to adopt an open-source LMS that enhances the abilities of the faculty, staff, and students in online learning environment. The need analysis on establishing a customized LMS of ISU-Ilagan aims to assess the readiness in terms of learning resources, human resources, ICT resources and financial resources. The study used meta-synthesis and descriptive research methods to determine the readiness of the campus to adopt an open source LMS. Conclusions implies that the campus is ready in establishing a customized online learning environment. The customized LMS which is the TelEducation Moodle-Based Learning Management System served as a tool in flexible teaching-learning modality in the new normal. In addition, the customized LMS TelEducation is capable of performing better results as compared with other LMS as regards to its resources on learning materials, human, ICT and financial aspects.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jhoan Paguirigan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 302 313 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.026 Some capacity development measures making information texts for students in high school in Vietnam <p><em>Informational texts and teaching students to compose informational texts are new concepts that have recently appeared in Vietnam. The goal of teaching this type of text is to help students build their reading comprehension competence and composing information texts, thereby meeting the requirements of their future careers. </em><em>This article presents a number of measures to develop the competence to compose informational texts for high school studens. These measures are drawn from experiences gained in the process of teaching this text type. </em></p> Vinh Le Thuy Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 314 322 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.027 Literacy program to improve the education of the Agta <p>The study sought to identify the cultural profile, beliefs and practices, attitude toward literacy education, and Agta problems and aspirations as an input for the Agta literacy program. Descriptive The profile variables were determined through research as an input to the literacy program to improve Agta's education. According to the findings, the Agta got their name from prominent people, their dialect is Upos, and they live in a simple and temporary shelter. Furthermore, the male Agta served as the family's head and provider, while the female Agta assisted with child rearing and housekeeping. They prefer to eat foods found in their environment and spend their leisure time bonding with their fellow Agta and chewing betel nuts, momma, or nganga. The Agta, on the other hand, have a rich cultural heritage regarding the stages of life such as conception, childbirth, child rearing, courtship, marriage, and death and burial. The majority of Agta are illiterate. They demonstrated a positive and extremely favorable attitude toward literacy education. Agta has concerns and desires, particularly regarding their children's education. It was also discovered that stakeholders and the Local Government Unit support Agta education, so implementing a literacy program for Agta to improve their education is highly recommended.</p> Gabriel Luna Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 323 333 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.028 Challenge of integrating writing aspects in process-oriented approach classroom and their roles to students' writing ability <p>Implementation of a process-based approach was used to increase the writing skills of native and non-native writers. In this area, various Research has been conducted by different researchers. However, the tasks of integrating writing aspects in the stages of process writing have not been given due attention by many researchers in EFL classes. This study aimed to evaluate the role of practicing writing aspects in process-based approach classroom activities to improve students' writing ability. The practice of writing aspects in the process-based approach's stages has been implemented for 16 weeks in an integrated manner. An action research design and comprehensive sampling technique guided the study. Tests, reflective journals, and questionnaires were used to collect data. Accordingly, we found inadequate awareness and poor prior predispositions to practicing writing were identified as the core challenges in the preliminary phase. After action interventions, we found that ordaining the steps of the process approach ignited students to integrate cognitive, linguistic, and social components of writing. Thirdly, the study found that cyclical practicing on writing aspects improved students' writing ability. This implies scaffolding students' writing in rhetorical aspects improves their thinking process and writing ability. It was also noticed that it lessened writing apprehension.</p> Addise Abame Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 334 347 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.029 Conveying narrative items through music: An analysis of the adaptation of Hansel and Gretel's Fable to opera <p>A prominent artist well-known for his remarkable productivity and provision of informative content, the composer Engelbert Humperdick has pioneered in a special music style that might inspire new forms of music even after his death. Humperdinck also stands out among other artists since he has attached great importance to the role of music education during the chaotic times of the romantic era. This paper focuses on how music and literature are integrated by intellectuals. It also makes some comments and evaluations regarding the adaptation of Hansel and Gretel to opera. The presence of aesthetic elements in Hansel and Gretel opera significantly contributes to its artistic value. Thus, the steps taken by Humperdink to contribute to the attempts aiming to integrate literature and music are unique and noteworthy. Based on the principles of qualitative research methodology, the present study employs document analysis technique while accessing the related data. The findings revealed that Humperdink was inspired by his music style while adapting this popular fairy tale to opera. The study also showed an apparent artistic accord between the musical approach adopted in Hansel and Gretel opera and the fairy tale narration. The findings regarding this accord were reported, evaluated and interpreted within the scope of the study.</p> Sancar Tunalı Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 348 358 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.030 Investigation of physical education health and sport teachers' attitudes towards in-service training courses (Northern Cyprus example) <p>This study aimed to determine the attitudes of teachers who conduct physical education and sports lessons in TRNC towards in-service training activities. According to regional, gender, and experience variations according to districts, teacher competence evaluations for in-service training courses will be explored within the scope of the study. The data has been collected from 63 female and 128 males, total of 191 lecturers. In this research, personal information form, Attitude Scale Towards In-Service Training Activities Questionnaire designed by Karasolak et al. (2013) were used in order to collect physical education teacher attitudes. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis of the results. If independent variable consists of two groups, The Mann-Whitney U test was used and if it consists of three or more groups the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. The results obtained from this study revealed that physical education teachers have negative attitudes towards in-service training activities in terms of gender, age, education level, region, school level, length of service and finally feedback. Regarding in-service training activities in this context in terms of overall quality highlights the requirement of planning the activities in accordance with teachers' opinions and needs. It is considered that needs-based programs can alter negative attitudes of in-service training activities.</p> Deniz Erdağ Mustafa Behlül Salih Adakan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 359 366 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.031 Digital literacy as a key factor in educating intellectual youth <p>This research article investigates the Digital Literacy as a key factor in educating intellectual youth and its successful adaptation to digital realities. It also analyzes the importance of development of Digital Literacy competences &nbsp;in society as one of the main indicators of their successful adaptation in virtual and real realities. This investigation was conducted by using the online method (Google forms) and direct personal interviews through a pre-designed questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of five sections which covered a set of questions focused on different computer literacy and internet use skills.</p> Evgeniya Yugay Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 367 376 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.032 Peculiarities of the application of the dual model in the conditions of a modern higher school <p><em>The aim </em>of the research is to verify the effectiveness of the dual education in modern higher educational institutions (HEIs). <em>Methods.</em> The research involved the following methods: testing method (Self-Attitude Test) and methods of studying self-assessment through the ranking procedure; the peer-review method; Human Volitional Qualities Questionnaire; Student’s t-test and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test; Spearman's Rank correlation coefficient; Survey Response Rate calculation. <em>The results.</em> Students expressed the greatest satisfaction with such aspects as the relationship with the tutor (0.84), tutor’s objectivity in work evaluation&nbsp;(0.91), safe working environment (0.92), individual workplace (0.89). There were 58% of respondents who favoured dual education compared to traditional education. A group of experts who studied academic performance noted the advantage of the flipped classroom-based model. The level of special competencies in the control group was 4.5 units, while it was 4.9 units in the experimental group. <em>Conclusions.</em> The results of the study showed the high efficiency of dual education based on the flipped classroom model. The research identified a more effective implementation model. <em>Prospects.</em> Further research can be aimed at finding effective models of using dual education under the current conditions. It is necessary to focus on comparing different educational models with dual education and identify the most effective educational model.</p> Olha Kravchenko Halyna Shpynta Oksana Nikolaienko Svitlana Dovbenko Oksana Diachok Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 377 389 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.033 Nature perception scale for children: A validity and reliability study <p align="justify"><span dir="LTR">The primary aim of this research is to develop a valid and reliable scale that identifies primary school students' perceptions of nature. The participants consist of primary school students studying in 14 different cities across 7 regions of Turkey during the first semester of the 2021-2022 academic year. In line with the research purpose, the literature has been reviewed regarding scale development process, and a pool of 75 items has been created. 13 of those items have been removed in accordance with field experts’ opinions. The draft form with the remaining 62 items has been administered to 643 students studying in different provinces. As a result of the analyses applied to the draft scale, a 24-item scale composed of a single factor has been produced. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, item discrimination analysis, and Cronbach's Alpha coefficient calculations have been performed using data from 333 students. Test-retest reliability data have been collected from 170 students whereas criterion validity data have been gathered from 140 students. Data analysis has been completed using SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 24.0 statistical package programs. The Nature Perception Scale for Children has been determined as a valid and reliable tool that can be used to elicit primary school students' perceptions of nature. </span></p> Canan Şentürk Barışık Ahmet Kurnaz Ayşe Erkaya Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 390 403 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.034 The perceptions of tertiary level EFL teachers and students to the tool mediation learning experience in reading skills: A case for cloud computing environment <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>In this age of rapid technological development and educational reform, there is an indisputable need for a combination of mediation tools (cloud computing tools) that significantly teach language skills. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the perceptions of tertiary-level EFL teachers and students regarding the tool mediation experience in reading skills in cloud computing teaching and learning environment. Simple random sampling was employed to select 156 first-year students and 32 teachers who participated in this study at Bahir Dar University (BDU). In this study, two sets of questionnaires, comprising 47 items for each of the three parts, were distributed to collect quantitative data from students and teachers of BDU. The quantitative data from questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-sample, and two-sample t-tests, and Pearson product-moment correlation. The results showed that teachers positively perceived the importance of mediation tools or parameters for reading tasks. Nevertheless, teachers’ practice of mediated learning experience tools does not utterly reflect their perceptions of the application of mediation tools. The current finding also revealed that considering technology as a mediation tool in reading sessions at the university level, teachers had below-average responses in implementing mediation tools even though they had a positive perception of it. Finally, educational institutions, researchers, and academic staff in BDU should take the initiatives to equip university language teachers with mediation tools in cloud computing English classrooms and to design a national technology-based learning policy and strategy.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords: </strong></em><em>mediation, tool, cloud, computing, perceptions, mediated learning experience </em></p> Sisay Ayalew Copyright (c) 2023 Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 14 1 404 420 10.47750/jett.2023.14.01.035