Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers <h1>About the Journal</h1> <p><a class="cmp_edit_link" style="font-size: 0.875rem;" href=""><span class="pkp_screen_reader" style="display: inline !important;">Edit About the Journal</span></a></p> <div id="focusAndScope"> <p><strong>The Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers (JETT) </strong> is a quarterly journal, and is published in English language four times a year; <strong>March</strong>, <strong>June</strong>, <strong>September</strong> and<strong> December</strong>.<em><strong> ISSN : 1989-9572</strong></em></p> <p>JETT, as an online international journal, has a clear perspective: to have a leading role among academic journals in all fields of education.</p> <p>The objective of JETT is to disseminate good academic practices and research results of teaching professionals to every educational context in the world. JETT also aims to become an educational research database to help spreading young researchers works-masters and doctorates students above all- and to serve as an advertising vehicle for works ¨under writing or article handouts¨. Besides, another function of JETT is the diffusion of new publications through reviews.</p> </div> ResearchTrentz Academy Publishing Education Consultancy Services (Spain) en-US Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers 1989-9572 Construct validity: Basic Psychological Needs Scale for Teachers <p>Teacher autonomy encompasses pedagogical activities oriented towards planning, instruction, and<br>assessment, as well as administrative tasks required by the education system. Therefore, it is imperative<br>to focus research on teacher autonomy in specific tasks, using data collection procedures suitable to the<br>context. In this study, the aim is to validate an original scale for collecting data on teacher autonomy in<br>classroom settings under criteria established by Self-Determination Theory, in the framework of basic<br>psychological needs. The method comprises a nonexperimental quantitative design, using a random<br>cluster sample that is understood as a probability sampling because participant teachers only work in<br>primary education levels. Results demonstrate that the scale possesses a strong degree of robustness<br>regarding construction, application, and data collection. In conclusion, the validated scale identifies<br>teacher autonomy as an explanatory variable in the model.</p> Rolando Angel-Alvarado Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 1 10 Determining Factors for Educating Students for Choosing to Work for Foreign Units: Absence of Self-Efficacy <p>Educating our students in developing countries such as Vietnam is becoming necessary. So first of all,<br>this study aims to identify factors that impact on students’ decision to work for a foreign company for<br>those who are studying in the field of social sciences and humanities. Based on 508 responses, the results<br>from linear regression analysis shows that Self-Interests, Self-Outcome Expectations (internal factors),<br>University’s Gains, and References (external factors) were factors that affect student workplace choice.<br>Meanwhile, the factor of capacity (“Self-efficacy”) to perform the task (“Working environment”) has no<br>statistical relationship. This result suggests for educational managers, business managers in general<br>and foreign enterprises in particular to coordinate vocational education for students.</p> Nguyen Thanh Hoang Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 11 19 Features of the formation of nonverbal thinking in preschool children with autism <p>This article reveals the features of nonverbal thinking in children with autism spectrum disorders. The<br>article summarizes the experience of studying approaches to understanding nonverbal thinking in<br>children aged 5 to 7 with autism spectrum disorders. Of interest is the described dual coding theory,<br>the aspects of which should be the basis for the formation of nonverbal thinking in children with autism.<br>The analysis of psychological, pedagogical and specialized literature allowed us to define the concept<br>of "nonverbal thinking". Special attention is paid to the definition of criteria, indicators and the selection<br>of methods for the experimental part of the study. The study of nonverbal thinking revealed that<br>children with autism can name objects and use them. The practical significance of the study lies in the<br>fact that the proposed means that contribute to the formation of nonverbal thinking in children aged 5<br>to 7 with this pathology can be used in the correctional and developmental work of teachers, teacherspsychologists,<br>teachers-defectologists and parents who raise their children.</p> Dybina O.V. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 20 25 Philosophical motives and spiritual imeratives of russian culture (the context of the axiology of creativity) <p>In the context of the ethical paradigm of spiritual education of young people, "inspired" by the moral<br>philosophy of Russian culture, to substantiate a creative model in which tradition and innovation are<br>combined, and the discursive field of which encompasses music, literature, and philosophy. Russian<br>Russian traditional values are used to conceptualize the integral approach to the understanding and<br>interpretation of the axiology of creativity, which is based on the dominance of Russian traditional<br>values, and, first of all, substantiates the actual integration of "Russian leitmotives" into the modern<br>multicultural environment.; secondly, the task is to increase the priorities in the Russian society and<br>popularize the national spiritual and value imperatives that are important for the formation of a holistic<br>cultural and historical worldview of the Russian youth, and to increase the level of their citizenship.</p> Ignatov Mikhail Alexandrovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 26 29 Internationalization of higher education: motives, factors and problems (based on the results of sociological research) <p>The article presents the results of two sociological studies conducted in order to study the motivation<br>for obtaining higher education and the factors of choosing a university by foreign students,<br>identifying problems and developing recommendations for their solution. It was revealed that foreign<br>students generally value higher education, and that the motivational postulates of obtaining an<br>education contain not only commercial goals, but also cultural ones. It has been established that<br>Russian education is highly valued by foreign students in terms of quality, and that foreign students<br>purposefully seek to obtain Russian education. It was determined that Russia is a financially<br>attractive country for foreign students, including attractive in obtaining jobs. The study showed the<br>high importance of the university website and social networks for making a decision on obtaining an<br>education at this university. The results of the study showed that the level of training in higher<br>educational institutions of the city meets the requirements and meets the needs of foreign students as<br>much as possible. At the same time, a number of problems related to teaching foreign students were<br>identified: language problems; learning problems; communication problems; sociocultural and social<br>problems, for the solution of which a number of recommendations are proposed in the article.</p> Nina Volovskaya Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 30 36 Gender analysis of game material of the Soviet era on the example of children's magazines (1920-1980) <p>The work is devoted to the gender analysis of children's games and material for creativity of the<br>Soviet period. The sources used were magazines for children published in the period from the 1920s<br>to the 1980s, such as «Chizh», «Yezh», «Sverchok», «Murzilka», «Pioner», «Yunyy tekhnik» and<br>«Veselyye kartinki». A comparative analysis of this material in different time periods was carried out,<br>taking into account gender attitudes and based on the development of Soviet pedagogical thought.</p> Marina Sazonenko Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 37 42 The relationship between physical education and other branch teachers’ stress and anxiety during covid-19 <p>In present study, it was proposed to compare the physical education teachers’ and other branch<br>teachers’ stress and anxiety levels. 155 physical education (sport) teachers and 126 teachers from other<br>branch, working in the province of İzmir participated in the study voluntarily. In the study, as a data<br>collection tool; personal information form, Perceived Stress Scale developed by Cohen et al (1983) and<br>adapted to Turkish (turkey) by Bilge et al., (2009), and also State-trait Anxiety Inventory which is<br>designed by Spielberger et al., (1964) and adapted to Turkish (turkey) by Öner and Le Compte, (1983)<br>were applied and used. SPSS program (statistical software) was used to compare and analyze the<br>obtained data. In addition; in the analysis of data, means of independent T Test, One-Way Variance<br>Analysis and Correlation were conducted as a statistical method.<br>In the study, it was found that there is a strong, positively significant relationship between perceived<br>stress and state-trait anxiety in individuals. According to the results of the study, it can be said that<br>stress and anxiety levels of female teachers are higher than male teachers, stress decreases with<br>increasing age and working years, teachers who do team sports are less stressed, other branch teachers<br>are more anxious than physical education teachers, and as the level of education increases, anxiety<br>decreases, the anxiety of teachers who do not have a sports branch is higher than those with a sports<br>branch, and that the anxiety level of teachers with high monthly income is lower (P&lt;0.05). It is<br>recommended to encourage teachers to do sports and to provide teachers with in-service training to<br>cope with stress and anxiety.</p> İbrahim Dalbudak Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 43 54 Communicatıon skill levels of trainers according to the perception of B2-B3 visually impaired athletes <p>Communication is a powerful tool for the trainer. And the trainers' tool is communication. A good<br>trainer must have good communication skills. The trainers having good communication skills are<br>successful. The propose of this research is to evaluate the effects of different variables (factors) on the<br>trainers’ communication skill levels, according to the perceptions of visually impaired athletes. 39 male,<br>59 female, totally 98 visually impaired athletes from sport clubs in different provinces participated in<br>the study voluntarily. The trainer communication skill scale, developed by Yılmaz in 2008, is a five<br>point Likert type-scale includes 48 items in total and the items of it are expressed as "never, sometimes,<br>very little, quite a lot, always". The total Cronbach-Alpha of the trainer communication skill scale was<br>found to be 0.973. In this study, in which trainer communication skills were analyzed, SPSS 22.00<br>Program was used, which is used in quantitative research methods. In the study, T test and One Way<br>Variance Analysis (One-Way ANOVA) were used for mean, standard deviation, frequency,<br>independent samples. No significant difference was detected in the communication skills of the trainers<br>according to the variables gender, disability status, sports branch, visual level, year of doing sports,<br>and the year of working with the trainer (p&gt; 0.05).<br>İn conclustion, as a finding of the study, it is observed that the communication skills of the trainers<br>affected all the characteristics of the visually impaired athletes taken place in the training process.<br>Communication is an extremely important and effective tool for visually impaired individuals, as they<br>are visually impaired. Working with a trainer with good communication skills for visually impaired<br>athletes will lead them to success. Communication is their nonexistent eye. They can easily reach the<br>information they need by communicating. Through the communication, their lives get facilitated and<br>they become socialized by entering the society. Since their communication is good, their persuasion<br>power is high. Again, because of their good communication, their education level is high. They can seek<br>their rights and are not dependent on anyone. Thanks to communication, they are free. They have<br>represented our country in the paralympics in various sports branches and have been successful.<br>Because of their good communication, they have made their existence accepted in the society. In the<br>study we conducted, not significant difference was found between the variables because their<br>expectations or emotional thoughts were the same.</p> Yakup Akif Afyon Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 55 61 Education issues for students in accounting major with case teaching method at accounting faculty in universities and postgraduate levels <p>Educating for students in accounting major in universities nowadays become one of key components<br>of training programs in economic programs in economic universities in Asia and the world, including<br>Vietnam.<br>This study mainly use qualitative scientific methods including synthesis, inductive and explanatory<br>methods, combined with dialectical materialism methods<br>The research findings tell us that students in accounting major need to be educated and equipped with<br>quantitative model and analysis skills, hence we propose a case study as an example of case teaching<br>method.<br>Besides, it is necessary for us to propose suggestions for enhancing educational policies for universities<br>in educating students in accounting or finance major.</p> Nguyen Bich Hong Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 12 2 62 70 The advantages of using TED talks materials in ESL classrooms <p>This article presents TED Talks materials to teach English in secondary and higher educational<br>institutions. The authors describe such advantages of TED Talks materials as their authenticity,<br>availability, variety, utility, user-friendly usability of the website with the materials, and the<br>existence of scripts for each video. The authors prove that TED Talks materials are effective for<br>developing students’ speaking skills and extending their vocabulary by describing the experience<br>of conducting English classes using TED Talks materials during the professional-pedagogical<br>practice, the results of which are also given in this article. After 34 English lessons with the use of<br>TED Talks materials within the framework of the elective course «English for Academic Purposes»<br>for 8-11 grade pupils, the participants of the classes demonstrated better public speaking skills and<br>could speak on different topics for more than 10 minutes without any visual aids.<br>This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA license</p> Shelestova Tatyana Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-18 2021-06-18 12 2 81 87 The problem of representation of the concept “hero image” in the linguistic and educational process <p>This study's object is linguistic and educatioal means that express the hero image as a phenomenon of<br>the formation of the process of cultural development of the people. This paper aims to study the<br>representation of the image of heroin in the linguistic, educational and socio-spiritual space of the youth<br>of the modern world society. The relevance of the research lies in the fact that the linguistic features<br>and ways of teaching the hero image and the changes that the image of hero undergoes over time in<br>the languages of different peoples are explored: in recent years, the world has seen the process of<br>transforming heroic images, their revaluation, and devaluation. In the modern social and spiritual<br>space, the image of a real hero changes. The study material was the data from dictionaries, fictious<br>books, mass media, as well as questionnaires. Europe and, first of all, France for the Russians have<br>historically been a cultural hero, being guided by which Russia has often transformed itself in the<br>course of its history, but the image of this cultural hero has greatly changed in the 21st century in the<br>era of the end of neoliberal globalization.</p> Marina R. Gozalova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-09 2021-06-09 12 2 88 94 Collective Learning Method <p>In modern conditions of the development of education, when the goal of improving the quality of<br>education is set for teachers, it is important to correctly direct the work of the methodological<br>association of subject teachers.<br>In these conditions, the most important task of the system of post-secondary, higher, and postgraduate,<br>additional professional education is mastering the methodology and theory of new didactics, built on<br>the natural science (scientific) approach to teaching, and the technology of a collective method of<br>learning (CLM), i.e. technology of mass and high-quality training and education according to ability. It<br>is the teacher's living in this whole process that determines his technological literacy. In this regard, the<br>purpose of our article is to reveal the main way of forming technological literacy of practitioners,<br>mastering CLM technology, the technology of “teaching” a student, its application in teaching practice,<br>which will allow “to include each student in communicative and cognitive activity.”</p> Saparova G. S. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 12 2 95 100 The problem of communication among modern student youth <p>Problem and aim. The article is devoted to the problems of communication of modern student youth. It is no secret that only live communication is capable of forming a person's personal qualities. However, we are witnessing the alienation of the individual from the surrounding reality and its immersion in the world of virtual reality. It is no coincidence that today the problem of human relationships with other people and the environment is becoming increasingly relevant, one of the sides of which is direct communication in the real world.<br>The purpose of this work is a monitoring study of various aspects of communication among modern student youth. The authors consider communication as a system of relationships between young people, society and the environment. The work provides a characteristic of the communicative, interactive and perceptual aspects of student communication.<br>Methodology. The methodological basis of the monitoring research is: a sociological survey, analysis and synthesis, generalization, comparative analysis. The empirical basis of this work was formed by the results of our own sociological research conducted among the students of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Belgorod State Agrarian University named<br>after V.Ya. Gorin. To process the respondents' answers, the methods of mathematical statistics were used - cluster and correlation types of analysis.<br>Results. The authors reveal the essence of the phenomenon of communication as a necessary form of implementation of social relations; a monitoring analysis of the communicative, interactive and perceptual aspects of student communication in modern conditions was carried out; determined the conditions and factors for optimizing the general system of relationships developing between people, as well as between society and nature.<br>Conclusion. The study made it possible to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the various aspects of communication among modern student youth and outline practical recommendations for optimizing the general system of relationships that people develop with each other, society and the natural environment.</p> Belozerova I.A. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-16 2021-06-16 12 2 101 109 A new hero in Russian prose of the 70s of the 18th century and his world <p>The work is devoted to identifying the features of the Russian literary hero of the 70s of the 18th century, which in modern scientific discourse remain an unresolved and hotly discussed problem. A research approach to this issue is proposed through understanding the new principles of artistic world modeling, discovered in the literature of the period under study. At the center of attention is the question of the social world order in the views of Russian writers. During the period under study, in a number of prose works, the social world was first depicted in two of its manifestations: as normal and marginal. This model of the world order, new for the Russian literary era, also determined the appearance of a fundamentally new hero in Russian literature - the marginal. The research is based on<br>the analysis of prose works by M. Komarov and M.D. Chulkov.</p> Nikolaev Nikolay Ippolitovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-17 2021-06-17 12 2 110 120 Models of networking cooperation in higher education: from theory to practical implementation <p>The article deals with the issues of improving the quality of higher education through the implementation of networkingcooperation with various spheres of science, economics, culture, etc. It is noted that for the first time, Federal Law No. 273-FZ of 29.12.2012 "On Education in the Russian Federation" defines the basis for implementing joint educational programs and networking cooperationbetween universities. Successfully functioning models of networkingcooperationare presented: "educational organization – educational organization", "university-enterprise", "universityresearch institute". The features of each model are described and the experience of the universities of the Far Eastern Federal District in implementing the main models of networkingcooperation is presented. The article may be useful to the management of Russian universities where networking cooperation is developing.</p> Komin A.E. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 12 2 121 126 Bioethical paradigm of higher pedagogical education in the conditions of interdisciplinary interaction <p>In the conditions of the ecological crisis the increasing of bioethical consciousness is required. Nevertheless interdisciplinary connections in bioethical training of bachelor students are used unsystematically. Thus generalization of bioethical abilities and skills doesn’t take place. The aim of the article is to substantiate the system of students’ bioethical training in the conditions of interdisciplinary relations. Methods of comparative analysis and generalizing research results, induction and deduction method as well as modelling were used in the article. On the basis of analysis of theoretical sources devoted to the issues of bioethical training of future teachers and diagnostic estimation of its results under the conditions of subject-centered learning it has been concluded that the formation of bioethical knowledge, skills and competencies is going on in a onesided manner, without the interaction of natural and social science knowledge. It is proved that the problem has interdisciplinary character and its solution is possible with the help of the system type technology. From the results of the completed research it is determined that the educational process acquires comprehensive bioethical character if it is founded on the joints of natural sciences and social studies and conditions for interknowledge interaction appear within it. The scientific novelty is that the formation model of bioethical training system for pedagogical students is grounded on the interdisciplinary basis. The results obtained can be useful to postgraduates, doctorate students, university professors dealing with the problem of bioethical training of teachers on the interdisciplinary basis.</p> Pyotr A. Khromenkov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-22 2021-06-22 12 2 127 136