Online ISSN: 1989-9572

Issue 1,

Issue 1

Editorial - About conceptual and thematic transversality of research in education

Manuela Terrasêca

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

This issue of JETT - Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers can be considered an important statement as a scientific journal characterized by internationalization, innovation and transversality. Assembling a significant number of articles, it is easy for us to understand that they are the result of a growing cooperative work between researchers, and touching updated and innovative problems.  These contributions can be grouped in three parts, the first focusing on the issues of communication and new technologies of information and communication.The importance of this group of articles is precisely the presentation of educational experiences that may contribute to build an alternative to breakdown and isolation. In a second block, under the title "From early childhood education to higher education - reflecting on different practices," we find a set of articles that somehow express how educational issues and specific themes are thought of in very specific contexts and purposes. Finally, two articles confront us with a reflection about the past and future of Education Sciences and the research that is carried out in this field. The birth of Educational Sciences, in Argentina, a century ago, and reforms developed in a consistent and cohesive way, since three decades ago, in Finland, which established the educational system of this country in a remarkable example, constitutes two important contributions, among the twelve remaining, to consider this issue of JETT as a high quality document.

The education system of Finland and its success in the PISA test

Martin Gripenberg; Emilio Jesús Lizarte Simón

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

Once again, the Finnish educational system has scored well in the PISA-tests. Among its various organizational structures and policies, the consensus of the educational policy - which is reflected by uniform structures and directions for developing the curriculum - can be identified as a reason for the success. The municipalities are responsible for the organization and realization of the primary education as well as establishing a more detailed curriculum in accordance with the goals of the National Board of Education. The schools and the teachers are allowed a great deal of independence when developing the pedagogical content and choosing a method. This orientation reflects an adjustment in the goals of the curriculum which now emphasizes practical usefulness of the information acquired by the students rather than strict adherence to a rigid curriculum. Also the change in the inspection system and the development of the education after the primary education are important aspects considering the Finnish success in the PISA tests.

Communication, key to visible excellence in Higher Education

José Miguel García Ramírez

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

The trend toward â���visible excellenceâ�� allows us to understand how students learn and how teaching influences this learning, taking communication as a key indicator. This study analyzes and evaluates communicative capacity as key indicator of teaching excellence at Trent University (Canada). The participants were 158 teachers who were given a questionnaire with 10 dimensions. The results highlight the need for communicative interaction and especially empathetic listening in order to achieve visible excellence in university teaching.

Possibilities of ICT in hospital classrooms

Mª Paz Prendes Espinosa; Mª del Mar Sánchez Vera; José Luis Serrano Sánchez

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

The investigation presented has a conclusion of improving the educative attention that children who find themselves in the care of hospital receive during considerable amount of time (and that during this period, they attend classes overseen by the hospital) through the use of ICT and the design and validation a network protocol, which is based on the use of telematics tools Web 2.0. After undergoing the investigations and experiments related to the topic, we come to the conclusion that in the majority of cases, the playful use of ICT in the hospital classrooms dominates the educative. This educative experiment originates from the collaboration between investigators from different universities, experts in educative technology and the teaching staff from hospital classrooms in the region of Murcia. In this assignment we present the actions taken, the phase in which right now we find the project and the actions yet to be completed.

Using CMAP to analyse and show the declared knowledge and the knowledge in the action of languages teacher's trainers

Salvio Rodríguez Higueras

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

We present a research in the area of the advisory function, whose study we approach across 2 case studies on 2 teachers training advisers' expert knowledge and competencies, who are specialists in English and working at a Teachers Training Centre. An expert knowledge that we analyze from the declared knowledge and the knowledge in the action. Both types of knowledge have become explicit across the analysis of advisers' verbalizations and across the analysis of their practice. Departing from the above mentioned analysis, there have been analyzed the specific and general competencies that stand out in the development of the training actions carried out by these advisersand. We refined and presented both knowledge and competences by using concept maps.

Integrating Critical Pedagogy theory and practice: classroom experiences in Argentinean EFL teacher education

Zelmira Álvarez,; Marcela Calvete; María Cristina Sarasa

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

Argentinean ESL teacher education presupposes an understanding of the past and present world role of English. Thus, the curriculum of the ESL Teacher Education Program at Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata includes subjects dealing with historical, cultural, and social questions concerning English-cultures worldwide. This paper explains how some of these issues are addressed in activities carried out in the sophomore course Overall Communication. They involve critical and postcolonial analysis of the film Slumdog millionaire (2008) and the story "The free radio" (Rushdie, 1994). Activities aim at making student-teachers aware of their need to critically address concepts related to race, ethnicity, class, religion, education, and language to unveil the political, economic, and social issues underlying the teaching and learning of English. The choice of materials and authors also aims at listening to English-speaking voices other than those stemming from (former) imperial centers. Activities involve research and discussions of problematics such as oppression, exclusion, and illiteracy. This paper will analyze sample written productions by students working collaboratively among themselves and cooperatively with their teachers. In short, this is an experience that strives at showing how Critical Pedagogy can become a site for raising questions concerning power and EFL teaching and learning.

School cousellors from the Autonomous Region of Melillaʼs perceptions about the introduction of ICT in innovation processes

Francisco Raso Sánchez; Juan Manuel Trujillo Torres; Antonio Campos Soto

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

This paper displays some of the results from research carried out in Melilla (Spain) in order to evaluate its counselorsʼ perceptions about the main use of I.C.T. to promote educational innovation in primary and secondary schools. Along those lines, both quantitative and qualitative data collection techniques were used, obtaining, that way, the following results: little participation in I.C.T. based innovation projects as far as these counselors are concerned and positive attitude to their daily use in counseling tasks.

Training needs assessment of andalusian teachers in educational digital resources authoring for virtual learning environments

José Javier Romero Díaz de la Guardia; Antonio Moreno Ortiz; Tomás Sola Martínez,

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

This research work has been conducted within the teacher training plan known as "Escuela TIC 2.0", implemented by the Spanish Junta de Andalucía. The main aim is to obtain objective data regarding training needs for teachers in the autonomous region of Andalusia in terms of educational digital content authoring. To that end, we carried out a descriptive survey study on Andalusian teachers participating in teacher training courses on e-learning strategies that took place during the 2011- 2012 academic year.

Competence-based professional training

Manuel Fernández Cruz; José Gijón Puerta

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

The competency-based curriculum approach (ECBC) is connected with the latest wave of school reforms in all advanced countries and forces us to look for references in the internationalization framework and discuss about something that had never faced the teaching staff. And higher education can't escape this discussion. Thus, this article presents a theoretical rethink on the ECBC, its nature and difficulties of implementation in higher education. Also we perform a proposal for development of the ECBC in higher education. We describe both the didactic principles of the educational intervention as the organizational axes allow ECBC development in higher education.

Research on the use and problems of digital video camera from the perspective of schools primary teacher of Granada province

Pablo José García Sempere

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

The adoption of ICT in society and specifically in schools is changing the relationships and traditional means of teaching. These new situations require teachers to assume new roles and responsibilities, thereby creating new demands for training. The teaching body concurs that "teachers require both and initial and ongoing training in the use of digital video cameras and video editing." This article presents the main results of research that focused on the applications of digital video camera for teachers of primary education schools in the province of Granada, Spain.

Developing preschool children social aptitudes

Ana Teresa Bras; Carlos Sousa Reis

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

The kindergarten teachers must be aware of the importance of the acquisition of social skills for children, with a view to appropriate adaptation and overcoming the various challenges that will have those throughout existence. This article is the presentation of a research work within the pre-school educational context, in the field of 'Social and Personal Education' which may lead to improved social skills within the group of children. In order to accomplish this, after the teaching training with the pre-school class which focussed on the acquisition of social competence, an assessment of the modified social skills within the class was carried out. These activities were included in the preschool lesson planning during the 'Supervised Teaching Practice'. They were developed based on children's daily life situations, focussing mainly on using games in the learning contexts. The aim of these games was to motivate and involve the children in order to enhance their balanced social development. The results obtained suggest that the introduction of this type of learning activities may be an asset in Pre-school Education because they develop both children's social skills and social competence. Moreover, this type of learning activities may also lead to changes in children's social interaction with both adults and their peers which may favour pro-social behaviour.

Analysis of factors that influence the learning of a foreign language writing

Mabel Anastasia Acosta García; Daniel González González,

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

This study was designed to assess the influence of motivational variables, learning styles and learning strategies in the development of writing skills in English of students from first to second years at the University of Ciego de Avila. To achieve that objective was used the following questionnaires: R _SPQ_ 2 F to assess the level of motivation of the students towards the English, (CHAEA) to determine the learning styles of the sample, the Assessment Questionnaire Learning Strategies for determine the strategies used in learning English, and a writing test where students wrote a letter to a foreign friend telling them about your country, to assess the level of writing skills. Our results confirm the hypothesis proposed earlier: when the deep motivation level is higher than the motivation level surface is achieved further development of writing skills, students with a balanced profile between four learning styles get a higher level of development in writing and, when all students develop learning strategies or more of them get further development in writing.

100 years from the foundation of the career of Sciences Education in Argentina: professional field, trends and discussions

María Eugenia Vicente

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

The career of Sciences Education has a centennial presence in Argentina and in recent decades their professional field has been characterized as heterogeneous, fragmented and diffuse. This article intends to review these characteristics from analyzing the strategies that graduates developed in the professional field from the 1970s to the present. For this, we present advances in the analysis of data from a questionnaire given to 82 graduates of the career of Sciences Education from Universidad Nacional de La Plata, the institution where the career was opened for first time in Argentina.

New Textbooks of Science and their reference to the application of scientific method based on the Aquatic Resources

Héctor Toledo Muñoz; Sara Zelada Muñoz; Carmen Soto Martínez

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

A new didactical curriculum model for teaching science based on aquatic resources has been applied to a group four hundred and fourteen students from primary education, just in establishments situated on the coastal edge of the Tenth Region of Los Lagos, Chile. The themes of the learning strategy were suggested activities in science texts, drawn from interdisciplinary workshops involving classroom teachers, aquatic resources, professional didactic teaching, marine ecology experts, geneticist, sea farmers, water resource management and scientists. The new texts were analyzed in comparison with textbooks commonly used by students of 7th and 8th grade of Basic Education, in Chile; in the lecture of â���Study and Understanding of Natureâ��. The test result showed a variety of procedural in the activities. It highlights the practical procedures, proposition of hypotheses, direct observation. We conclude that the textbooks of Natural Sciences - in the framework of a new teaching that integrates advances in scientific knowledge, technology and constructivism - are an innovative contribution to the meaningful, efficient and effective learning of science.

Emerging technologies in educational institutions: assets and potential risks

Francois Victor Tochon

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages -

This article is a review of some aspects of research on electronic portfolios with a critical analysis of the pros and cons of the invasive use of new technologies for education. Besides the creation and conceptual composition of educative portfolios that help teachers grow professionnally, this instrument implies a formatting around artifacts posited as proofs of competence, which support an uncritical realist ontology that has its limitations. Thus networked learning and personal learning environments stimulate reflective teacher learning, but possibly lead portfolio users to confuse the indicator of performance with the actual competence. Portfolio creation takes much time on other activities that could be most beneficial (and could be complementary), such as shared reflection on personal belief systems. Universalist stands and standardisation seem to take the fore while educative humane value go back stage. The new wave of distance learning creates new risks in terms of depth and quality as well as health, related to the daily use of pulsed microwaves and radio frequencies. It is suggested that a mode of control independent from the financial milieux that capitalize on these innovations should be created.