Online ISSN: 1989-9572

Volume 4, Issue 2 (5)

Volume 4, Issue 2 (5), Winter 2013

Group techniques as a methodological strategy in acquiring teamwork abilities by college students

María Julia1 Gámez Montalvo; César Torres Martín

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

From the frame of the European Higher Education Space an adaptation of teaching-learning process is being promoted by means of the pedagogical renewal, introducing into the class a major number of active or participative methodologies in order to provide students with a major autonomy in said process. This requires taking into account the incorporation of basic skills within university curriculum, especially â���teamworkâ��. By means of group techniques students can acquire interpersonal and cognitive skills, as well as abilities that will enable them to face different group situations throughout their academic and professional career. These techniques are necessary not only as a methodological strategy in the classroom, but also as a reflection instrument for students to assess their behavior in group, with an aim to modify conduct strategies that make that relationship with others influences their learning process. Hence the importance of this ability to sensitize students positively for collective work. Thus using the research-action method in the academic classroom during one semester and making systematic intervention with different group techniques, we manage to present obtained results by means of an analysis of the qualitative data, where the selected instruments are group discussion and personal reflection.

Glance crossed on the teaching practices in change. Editorial. Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, Vol. 4

Emmanuelle Leclercq

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

A new delivery of the number of the review Newspaper off educators, Teachers and trainers is always awaited because the review crosses sets of themes and analyses of various international contexts, always enthralling with regard to the changes of the teaching world. This number holds all its promises particularly. Indeed if the ten seven texts of this fourth delivery are considered, they approach under angles different the evolution of realities from the teaching of various disciplines, the practices and the identities teaching. The various texts are rich, also question difficulties related to the grounds of research. The grounds as the methods are varied mobilizing quantitative and qualitative approaches. These analyses answer the international dimension anchored in the approach of the Journal review off educators, Teachers and trainers. We will travel in many realities of the world teaching of Europe to the Latin America.

How do good teachers teach? Bases and values

María Cristina Martínez; Silvia Branda; Luis Porta

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

There are certain basis in teaching that already exist before the actual teaching takes place. These bases are not the result of classroom practices or the use of methods or techniques, they are part of the necessary requirements for the act of teaching something to someone. These bases are not the components of a recipe or a set of rules that we have to use mechanically. They are the guidelines, criteria, perspectives, options, points of view that make teaching and learning meaningful. In this paper we analyze an interview carried out with a "memorable teacher" to find out the grounds, perspectives and options from those teachers who have left a deep mark in their students. Even though many teachers are seeking a list of tips, tools or methods to face their classes, we are not offering any. We are just analyzing hints, gestures or traces, what Fried (1995:47) calls "the connection between passion for teaching and quality learning".

Learning and assessment in clinical nursing practice. The theory of three worlds

Paulo Freitas; Manuela Terrasêca

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

The learning and assessment in clinical nursing practice can only be understood globally by recognizing the context which surrounds them. This article draws upon a descriptive and exploratory research that explores the concept of three worlds, constructed in a previous study (Freitas, 2007): the world of the school, the clinical world and the professional world. In clinical nursing practice, nursing students should be able to observe and handle the complex dimensions and intersections of these three worlds. This article aims understanding how these three worlds participate and influence the teaching, learning, and assessment process. The methodology is framed in the principles of qualitative research, involving participant observation, focus groups and semi-structured interviews as tools for data collection. The data were processed by content analysis according to the model of Bogdan and Biklen (2003) and Bardin (1979). The key finsdings highlight the existence and the dynamics of the three worlds and allow us to recognize their importance in the educational context of nursing.

Study on the use of computer in practice teaching, of the primary schools teacher in the municipality of viseu

Donzília Ferreira de Sousa; Juan Manuel Trujillo Torres; Juan Antonio López Núñez; Mª Martins de Sousa

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

The current challenges of school education are undoubtedly the skills of teachers and educators in the field of information and communication technologies, including the use given to them in the context of the classroom. In this article is made an approach to the issues of utilization and monetization of these technological resources in schools, specifically for teachers in the first cycle of basic education in the municipality of Viseu. To this end, it was assumed as a methodological option, the development of a quantitative and qualitative research. The course addresses a quantitative nonprobabilistic sample of 229 teachers of the 1st CEB (primary schools), of the municipality of Viseu. The ride quality on the basis of reference covers the discursive devices of a purposive sample of two teachers of the 1st CEB a school contemplated by Technological Plan of Education. The findings reveal that the vast majority of teachers are positive about the benefits for students of 1st CEB with the use of ICT and in this follow-up, seem benefits on the one hand, inherent to the work of the teacher and the other inherent to the student.

The evaluation of the professional development of English faculties from their own vision of excellence

Slava López Rodríguez; Daniel González González

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

The general objective of this paper is to offer a system of teaching excellence indicators for the faculties of English as a foreign language in Cuba to guide their evaluation, training and professional development, considering the different stages of their academic career. Quality studies have been highly demanded in the educational field in the last decade. Accreditation processes and systems have been created and implemented to evaluate the excellence of teaching at universities worldwide. Cuban universities are not apart from that reality, facultiesʼ professional development is an important element to be considered however no indicators have been defined to evaluate and guide their performance. The model adopted in this research is the descriptive one. It was carried out in three stages so as to describe the vision of excellence professors of English in Cuba have of their professional development and the indicators they consider valid to evaluate their own work. For the analysis of the qualitative information we have carried out a deep content analysis and to analyze the quantitative information we used SSPS.

Open learning recognition in traditional universities

Rosana Montes Soldado; Miguel Gea Megías; Jeff Haywood

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

At present, there is great interest over the concept of Open Educational Resources (OER) in all of its forms: OpenCourseware repositories OCW, spare open resources, or even more recently as Massive Online Open Courses (also called MOOC). This panorama has generated considerable debate about their effectiveness in terms of learning, sustainability and especially the role that higher education institutions play in this context. We understand that most of the students are interested in making the most of their education (formal and informal), and that will require universities to recognize their skills and abilities. In this article we start from the point of view of the university as a certifying OER-based institution, and we describe the different scenarios that arises. First of all the institution should know what is facing and what are the existing scenarios. From the experience of the European project OERtest, in which five higher education institutions have conducted a pilot on this issue, we can offer some conclusions regarding the feasibility of certifying and award credits to a student (internal or external to the institution when this service is requested.

Learning styles and team roles - Lessons for Gregorc based teams for effective enterprise development

Ian Kbathgate; Andre M. Mostert; Stephanie Sandland

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

The need to develop robust and coherent models for effective entrepreneurial training and development has never been more relevant than in the contemporary economic and educational milieu. The demand for the promotion of enterprise and enterprise development calls on those entrusted with nurturing entrepreneurial talent to create fecund environments for students and participant is alike to promote sustainable enterprise development. Essential to achieving this are considerations of learning styles and the relationship of these to team roles in business start-up activities. This research exercise attempts to establish linkages between different learning styles with the allocation of roles and responsibilities in teams who have aspirations to create and explore business start-up opportunities, within an educational setting. The context will be explored and a proposed model will be developed with considerations to cost of effective teaching and learning for enterprise development. The model will be used to demonstrate how an integrated and effective learning environment can be created through the use of Gregorc considerations and how this paradigm can contribute to cost effective teaching and learning methodologies.

Native Students and inmigration: Influence of family experiences as emigrants in the relationship with their inmigrant school partners

David-José Villén García-Galán; Tomas Sola Martínez; Francisco Javier Hinojo Lucena

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

The origin of this article is some research carried out on the perception of native students of Vocational Training Studies about the presence of immigrant partners in these courses. The authors mean to find out whether their perception of immigration is influenced by the existence of their possible emigrant relatives. To achieve that goal, we have created and used a questionnaire on a sample of a population of half a thousand students in the province of Granada. We have taken into account variables referred to immigration in general, to immigrant students in Vocational Training Studies and, finally, to immigrant people in working places. Some of the most relevant conclusions point out that students with emigrant relatives have a more positive view of immigrant people and try to make possible their integration. However, students without emigrant relatives tend to see emigrant people as a problem and prefer to keep away from them.

The backwash effect in the English oral expression formation and development at senior high education

Ulises Escalona Sánchez; Alberto Román Medina Betancourt; Miguel Escalona Reyes

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

This article accounts for the systematic evaluation backwash effect implications in the process of formation and development of the English oral expression. It has been the result of a research accomplished at Senior High Education in Holguín Province. The rectorial character of the oral expression in the communicative process is considered. Likewise, its systemic linkage with the rest of the communicative skills is also regarded. Furthermore, it is assumed that the learning of this skill befalls in the dialectical relationship between linguistic habits formation and the development of the English oral expression. It is relevant to highlight that the systematic evaluation backwash effect is used to dynamize the stages of formation and development. Accordingly, the oral communicative competence levels are improved in the foreign language learning.

The assessment methods that are used in a secondary mathematics class

Maha Azmi Dandis

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

Given issues related to differences in learner characteristics, effective sampling across the content domain and recent emphases on assessing meaningfully contextualized abilities and higher-order cognitive processes, the ʻtraditionalʼ mathematics test arguably does not provide a valid measure of student ability. Consequently, there is a need to incorporate alternative methods of assessment that are able to effectively assess the range of studentsʼ mathematical abilities. This article try to understand the assessment methods that mathematics secondary teachers use to assess their students, mainly this study will try to spot the light on 1- The main methods employed by Mathematics teachers, 2- Reported use of alternative assessment, 3- Desirable assessment methods, 4- Teachersʼ satisfactions with traditional methods. Results showed that teachers mainly use written exams to assess their student, they reported using some alternative assessment but sporadically, the teachers showed dissatisfaction with the methods they use and they prefer using direct observation to assess their students. And finally the teachers gave some suggestions for improving the current assessment Practices.

Terms of teachersʼ competitiveness development in labour market

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

People all over the world, also in Latvia, come into the post-materialistic world, where due to the material wealth they look for other life qualities. The current dynamic and continuous development of the society sets a task for education to react appropriately to the changes in the social, culture and business environment. The traditional classical education, which basically takes care of the previous knowledge transmission to future generations, is being replaced with a new understanding, whose aim is to guarantee preparation for life in the future society. However, it does not keep us away from studying different conformities to natural laws which promote definite outcomes of education processes. Teachers play an important role in the societyʼs development. The teacherʼs profession becomes more and more complicated. The changes in education and society set new demands for the teacherʼs profession. One of the teachersʼ tasks is to develop the talents of the new generation, improve the potential for their personal growth and welfare, as well as to acquire a range of complicated knowledge and skills, which they will need as citizens and employees. In connection with the mentioned changes, teachers will have not only to acquire new knowledge and skills, but also develop their competences in order to integrate into labour market more successfully. The author would like to pay her attention to the terms which would help to increase teachersʼ competitiveness in labour market, find out the competences which influence the development of teachersʼ competitiveness.

Assessing a course on translation with learner portfolios

Andrés Canga Alonso

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

This article shows our experience using portfolios during a one-semester Spanish-English/English-Spanish translation course in the Degree of English Studies with two different groups of undergraduates in two consecutive academic years. After sketching the context of our work we describe why and how we are working with portfolios. Finally, we will present our findings which reveal that by using portfolios students can (a) acquire the competences required for the subject, (b) reflect on their own learning by selecting tasks relevant for their learning process, and (c) self-assess their own learning using the self-assessment grids provided by the teacher.

Perceptions of the function tutorial in the European Higher Education Area of the student body of the Faculty of Education of Albacete (University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain)

Santiago Alonso García; Ascensión Palomares Ruiz

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

It is not necessary doubt, of the need to be employed in a tireless way at the improvement and innovation of the processes of education and learning, to offer a response that this at a height of the circumstances and transformations that in a dizzy way are happening concretely, in the area of the Higher Education, with the new impelled challenges this attempt of to unifying the intentions and educational profiles between the countries of the Union. From the European Advice there have been multiple the political directed offers, throughout the latter years, to generating an approximation in the curricula of the different educational levels, but it was in 1999 in the city of Bologna, where there treated itself the joint Declaration that gave place to what it was known as "process of convergence", today already perfectly. This one has had for aim, facilitate an effective exchange of university graduates as well as adapt the content of the university studies to the social demands. But, in what royal situation is it at present? Bearing in mind this context in which we meet wrapped of way so enthusiast, we are going to proceed by means of this investigation to the analysis of perceptions of the function tutorial in the European Higher Education Area of the student body of the Faculty of Education of Albacete, by means of the use of the questionnaire and of the interview, which results before analyzed with the pertinent tools, will be submitted to discussion in order to land in a few conclusions for his exhibition to the educational community.

Planning of the curriculum of portuguese as mother tongue in portuguese secondary schools

Maria da Conceição Cardoso Tábuas Martins Coelho; Inmaculada Aznar Díaz

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

Related to the curricular reform of the Secondary Education in 2001, political-administrative and conceptual changes were discussed and implemented in Portugal in terms of the curriculum, substantiated in new teaching syllabus. It was in this context that a new syllabus of Portuguese as mother tonge appeared, requiring a curricular reconfiguration and changes in teachers' conceptions and teaching practices. Assuming that the changes en the official speech don't determine those transformations, we want to determine, in schools of the region of Sintra, the way of appropriation of the curricular aims established for the teaching levels of the syllabus and to conclude about the underlying teaching and learning paradigms of teachers' options in its implementation. Since the curriculum is a dynamic reality, wich suffers processes of deliberation, we can still infer the teachers' margins of adherence and distancing as regards the two curricular dimensions: the one of the established curriculum and the one of the curriculum-in-action through a poll, in Sintra's schools, on the teachers' perceptions about the strategies they privilege the implementation of the national curriculum.

Curricular tutoring in Mexican elementary school. An analysis of teachersʼ perspective

Mariela Sonia Jiménez-Vásquez; Manuel Camacho Higareda

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

This research report derives from an institutional project, funded by the National Council of Scienceand Technology (CONACYT). We analyze the implementation of the tutoring system as aninnovation in the curriculum of elementary education in Mexico. Tutoring is in fact implemented in2006 on the basis of a previous subject named �SOrientation and Tutoring⬝. It is considered as anacademic strategy for accompanying the students along their education process in order to improvethe quality of such process and the learning outcomes.The study consists of a quantitative andqualitative data analysis provided by an inquiry of 151 teachers from 18 different schools.Quantitative data collection was carried out by means of a questionnaire, and three focus groupsserved the purpose of collecting qualitative data. Our goal is to analyze the role of the tutor and theirfunctions, as well as to determine the impact of institutional forms of school organization andtutoring. The main objectives of this report are: 1) Describe the working and professional conditionsof tutors; 2) Analyze the role of the tutor on the basis of their professional training and theirperformance as a tutor; 3) Determine the impact of institutional forms of school organization andtutoring.

Early school leaving in a multicultural context. Analysis of the causes of social and professional agents involved

Inmaculada Alemany Arrebola; Gloria Rojas Ruiz; Miguel Ángel Gallardo Vigil; Sebastián Sánchez Fernández

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

This study early school has started from the concept used by the European Union in the report "Education System and Human Capital" (2009) as well as that established by the Appraisal Institute of the Ministry of Education (2007) in the PISA 2006 and applied to the context of the City of Melilla. Research has focused on young people between 16 and 24 years of Melilla population that leave the educational system without obtaining sufficient academic qualifications to gain access to a skilled labor market. The aim of this study was to determine the profile and the most common career for students who drop out as well as provide possible measures for improvement. We used a methodology, a qualitative, with the use of the Discussion Group as a strategy for collecting information. As most remarkable results, participants felt that the early dropouts were caused by the existence of large groups of students, few resources to care for the needs of educational support, broken families, with low purchasing power and culture.

Study on writing difficulties in students of last year of basic education in the municipality of Vila Verde (Braga, Portugal)

Maria da Conceição Afonso Rebelo; José María Sola Reche

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages -

This research work aims to identify the main writing difficulties of students who complete the first cycle of basic education in the public schools of the municipality of Vila Verde, Braga. Specifically, we focus on the performance of fourth graders in terms of their characteristics and levels of writing, as well as difficulties in writing, dictation, and narrative and expository texts. For data collection, we used an adaptation of the PROESC test Cuetos et al. (2004), which specifically attempts to assess primary school children���s writing performance. The results, based on analysis of evidence evaluation of the writing process, showed the existence of difficulties in the process of writing and dictation in planning a narrative and expository text in students who participated in the study.