Online ISSN: 1989-9572

Volume 5, Issue 3 (6)

Volume 5, Issue 3 (6), Autumn 2014

Contributions of a gender perspective in the training of professors

Ana De Anquín, Ma. Eugenia Burgos, Ma. Gabriela Soria,

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 16-25

This writing intends to critically reflect the experience lived in our work as trainers of trainers (also understood as preparation of teaching staff or educational qualification) in the Center of Social and Educational Research of the North Argentine (CISEN) in the Faculty of Humanities of the National University of Salta. It deals with one elaboration shared that puts in analysis the formative relations from the Gender perspective. The lived process between who they relate to this formative intentionality, assumes the conditions and forms of a group device. We left from not giving by known what is best for the other, who is in formation, knowingly that is part of a continuous one which never it finishes and of which we are part of. Such process is looked more like a deformation, an of-construction that to a new imposition. In individual, uncover gender oppressions, in its intersection with race, sexuality and class can become an analyzer of the domination relations. One is to interrogate our own formatives practices to interrupt the transmission of a violence that can continue exerted on women teachers

Intercultural Bilingual Education: Intersectionalities between colonialism, etnophagy and genre identities

María Dolores Bazán, Marcela Tejerina, Xara Sacchi

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 26-42

Our thoughts are part of the questions and findings that we place in the Research Program CIUNSa No. 2010 entitled: Intercultural and Training: differences and challenges and particularly the Project No. 2010/4: Intercultural Bilingual Education (IBE) and decolonial rotation , which asks about the emergence of intercultural Bilingual Education in the Department of San Martin Salta Province, Argentina, on the pretense of recognizing whether these educational practices that new forms of intercultural integration and pose as alternatives to paper homogenizer school, on the other hand are not new ways of working with partners located transformations discipline to forms of "government" of society. The aim of this article is to problematizes the interculturality and the IBE asking if these are not a new political strategy of control of the difference that reproduces a "conditional inclusion" and a second class citizenship. It pay attention to what is called here "mujeres sueltas ", a new missionary figures, in the configuration of the IBE in the region from a point of view that recognizes multiple crossroads between colonialism, etnophagy and genre identities.

Gender, citizenship and inequalities

Giovanna Campani,

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 43-53

The Beijing Platform for Action and the CEDAW represent an important step in the affirmation of common values and of a shared opinion about gender equality for all human societies, regardless of their cultural and religious traditions. However, strong gender inequalities persist practically all over the world, as the four basic parameters -work, education, politics and health, which are used for the measurement of Gender Gap, the gender imbalance- indicate. The paper analyses the issue of gender equality versus persisting social and economic inequalities, taking into account an historical perspective, and focusing present problems. The paper raises a crucial question: is the persistence of sexism, discrimination, violence against women, the culmination of the resistances of religious institutions and conservative forces, undemocratic and authoritarian, or is it a consequence of the present World system, shaped by the dominating Western countries and their ideologies (namely market-centered ideologies) with their formal acceptation of democracy and of human rights?

Education, gender and cultural diversity. Conviviality or Coexistence?

Rocío Cárdenas-Rodríguez, Teresa Terrón-Caro, Victoria Pérez-de-Guzmán.

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 54-67

Cultural diversity is a characteristic of plural societies, the way we think that cultural diversity makes societies evolve or become tight, make cultural groups remain segregated or integrated. It is important to analyze the management model of cultural diversity guide our interventions because it determines which cultural groups remain isolated, integrated and even annihilated. This paper examines and defends the intercultural model inclusive and cohesive model, establishing principles and guidelines for intervention from this model. The gender has always been a factor of exclusion, being for immigrant women an element of discrimination. From an intercultural model is to guide measures and actions to intervene from a gender perspective, determining the need in society to form an intercultural coexistence to achieve integration of all people (immigrant and native). We are all aware of the importance of the struggle for respect for freedom of ideas and integration of differences as essential elements in human dignity, and culture and gender are elements of this process.

On the notion of citizenship. A Feminist Viewpoint on Genealogies, Tensions and Ambivalences

Alejandra Ciriza

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 68-78

This paper aims to conceptualize the tensions in the notion of citizenship exploring its emancipatory contents and inquiring into its ambiguities, asking for its limits and for the reasons why, when we think about citizenship, we do it in the terms of the liberal tradition. Generally speaking, citizenship is conceived as if there was a break between the citizen and the real human being -marked by class, race, gender and sex. One of the ways to illuminate the meaning of citizenship is by searching into its historical genealogies as they enable the understanding that its nuances, restrictions and expansions are not only a matter of ideas, but the result of historical and social conditions, geographical determinations and political traditions. The trajectory proposed revisits, on the one hand, the Marxist interpretation of the abstract citizen under the light of current crossroads; and, on the other hand, it makes reference to the so-called Wollstonecraft dilemma

Women and leadership: Controversies in the educational field

Mercedes Cuevas López, Marina García Carmona, Yasmine Leulmi

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 79-92

On the road to political equality between men and women we stop at one of the variables that we consider essential: women's access to leadership and management positions in education and more specifically in the University. We try to focus on the barriers that have hindered the path to match statistics and, on the other hand, we seek to investigate the female leadership style considering it an added value for organizations in education to promote important social changes. Research in the field of educational organization, over the past decade, have made a progress in the search for good practices in management and leadership in educational contexts. At the same time, the studies try to go deeper in the difficulties for women for management. They also try to find if their leadership style affects school success, considering that in education the percentage of female teachers is very representative. Also these studies in recent years moved all these issues to the University field, trying to meet the problems of femaleUniversity professors to access management positions within a culture that is still very masculine today.

Mobility, family, and gender: A transnational approach

Marzia Grassi

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 93-104

Mobility in transnational spaces modifies the relationships between individuals and within families and households in both sending and host countries. The impacts of gender on individuals‟ behaviour essentially establish the long-term effects migration brings in their lives. In this paper, after presenting the theoretical grounding of the research group “transnational lives, mobility and gender” (TLM&G)2, I will discuss the epistemological implications and choices involved in the methods of data collection in transnational mobility studies. I will conclude pointing to the necessity of rethinking mobility and family studies in a transnational gendered perspective through the adaptation of methodological instruments to the reality of contemporary human mobility. The general aim of the TLM&G research group is to explore the impact of mobility on individuals‟ lives, considering family and household relationships, and taking into account how integration experiences are affected by gender representations and selfperceptions. From the academic point of view, this research group will reinforce the sociological approach and the scientific background in this area in European and African countries, with a potential impact on transnationalism, migration, and family studies. Looking at mobility as a human right and opportunity for individuals and families, the aim is to contribute to a renewed theoretical approach on the differentiated conditions pertaining to migration access in the origin society as well as a differentiated scope of social integration in the host society

Ecological model of factors associated with dating violence

Mª Carmen Monreal-Gimeno, Amapola Povedano-Diaz, Belén Martínez-Ferrer

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 105-114

Gender violence in teen dating (VPA henceforth) refers to repeated abusive behavior exerts a teenage boy against a girl that maintains or has maintained a relationship with the intention to exercise dominion and control over the girl and the relationship. This behavior is classified into four types of agression: physical, psychological, sexual and economic. Recent research makes visible a reality that affects millions of women worldwide and helps understand the mechanisms of partner violence. One of the most important findings of this research has indicated that the source of this violence comes from the first couple relationship during adolescence. The dynamics of violent relationship established between pairs of young teens seem to have explanatory multi-causal origins. The ecological model of factors associated with domestic violence in teen dating provides an adequate explanatory framework for research work, intervention and prevention in this field. The involvement of teachers and parents in prevention programs and the development of multidisciplinary intervention programs throughout the process to help prevent adolescents who begin a relationship with a violent partner from a different background. Moreover, an increased sensitivity of the media towards this reality would encourage a shift towards more egalitarian and less discriminatory behaviors in roles and beliefs that exist between boys and girls when they start their first relationship.

Incarnate life: Significations on bodily experiences of women

Rosana Paula Rodríguez

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 115-128

The body is the support of our practices, it is shaped by them, it is real, material, given and, at the same time, it is restrained to multiple representations that change over time, places and ways of symbolizing, languages and cultures. The body is an intersection between the social and the individual, between nature and culture, the psychological and symbolic, the economic and the political. Body is where class, gender, race, ethnic group intersect, but it is also where strategies of resistance are unleashed. The question of body has been read by feminists in a political key for centuries. This subject has implied a history marked by the repeated efforts of expelling the body out of the spotlight, or by the identification between women and sex. There were some operations of neutralization and reduction to biology, such as hiding, objectifying and sexualisation of women that had found in our bodies the roots of our restraint. This is the reason why we insist on the political consequences of incarnation against the insistence for removing corporality, for neutralizing human sexuality and transform it in an irrelevant piece of information. The critic to the rule of binary sex and heterosexuality as sense organizer and producer of shaped individuals made the discussions of the last years more complex.

Gender violence in the exercise of citizenship

Blanca D. Vázquez Delgado

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 129-140

The recognition of the political rights of women in Mexico can be identified as the first exercise of citizenship of women in the public space. From then to date, is need to defend other rights as full citizens of the country. The aim of this paper is to document an experience of institutional violence by omission -or explicit decision- of the municipal public authority, it given that its responsibilities is to seek the advancement of women in the field of gender equality. This experience reflects the limitations or barriers still exist for the citizenship of women in Mexico. The case analysis is presented in a border town in northern Mexico. The case confirms the findings of other studies in Mexico, where it has been shown that larger deficits are women's participation in decision-making processes. It is clear that within the political sphere, dominated by men, it is not understood that the exercise of citizenship of women and men is an essential requirement of law, and not an act of defiance to the power scheme in the public sphere

Security, protection and family norms: Gendered and selective regulations of marriage and migration in Italy and Portugal

Marianna Bacci Tamburlini

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 141-155

This paper engages in a critical reflection on specific normative policies concerning migration and family in two contemporary European contexts. The analysis is based on fieldwork carried out in Portugal and Italy1, exploring the discourses and practices concerning the marriage of undocumented migrants in the context of the construction of “marriage of convenience” control policies. The underlying hypothesis is that the policing of mobility and intimate lives reproduces inequalities by intervening on the opportunities and constraints faced by some categories of migrants. Grounded in the literature exploring these mechanisms as part of broader processes of migrant inclusion and exclusion in the context of global human mobilities, the analysis problematizes both the criminalizing and victimizing perspectives on “undocumented migration”. On one side, the paper will discuss the problematic -and gendered- assumptions underpinning restrictive migratory policies. These include the invocation of “security” purposes, the protection of “vulnerable” groups, and the safeguard of national “family norms” in order to corroborate the restriction of migrant‟s rights. On the other side, the paper will give a brief overview of current laws, policies and institutional practices in the case studies, stemming from the preliminary qualitative analysis of empirical materials collected for the broader PhD project. These data indicate that rather than reaching their alleged goals, such restrictive migration control apparatuses potentially produce and reproduce the stratification of subjects along gender, socioeconomic and national origin lines.

Gender equality in sport and its contribution to education for citizenship and democracy

Beatriz Gallego Noche

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 191-203

This article is part of a larger research study conducted with secondary school students to explore thesocio-cultural mediation of families and schools in the identification and development of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. More precisely, in this paper the relationship between sports practice and the development of social and civic competences from a feminist perspective is studied. Adopting a quantitative methodology (through a survey research method), 1138 students were surveyed. A purposive sampling method was employed. The results show that participation in sport among women is much lower than men’s. Mostly, women practice stereotypically female sports, which are less associative and organized. In line with this, women report having difficulty to access sports facilities. Another finding is that the practice of sports is associated with personality features relating to social and citizen development (perseverance, poise, leadership, etc.) and others indicators of sociability, such as solidarity and social participation

The presence of academic history along the Spanish Higher Education

Inés Lozano Cabezas, Marcos Jesús Iglesias Martínez

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 204-216

Gender differentials in academic institutions are generating a high increase of studies on the female academic, the objectives are oriented to analyze and identify what are the reasons for these differences between teaching and research in higher education, especially in the representative bodies and university professors. Although there are political and institutional parameters that break the so-called "glass ceiling", the aim of this study has been to show clear evidence the situation of inequality and discrimination against women in the Spanish universities. The results collected, as well as numerous studies have analyzed to locate state of affairs, consistent with the evidence. The findings of this study show possible positions and attitudes that can contribute to break the academic representation of the Spanish university context. The investigations that probe the beliefs, thoughts and attitudes of female academic can be considered as a valuable resource for the social construction towards equality and essentially in promoting a genuine professional development of equity in the context of Higher Education

Violence against women with disabilities: A proposal for training at the University of Huelva (Spain)

Emilia Moreno Sánchez, Asunción Moya Maya, Francisco José Morales Gil

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 217-229

In this article we present a training experience for the students of the University of Huelva (Spain). We, as teaching professionals, consider that we must train people who are reflective, critical, supportive and committed people to the problems of their social environment. Because of this, the activity described is focused on training and education. It's a preventive action towards the different situations and typer of violence against disabled women. We try to develop positive attitudes and didactic skills to facilitate the approach to these women specific needs and problems. This task is specially important for the studies in which the students are going to communicate directly the knowledge that they have acquired by their professional internship: the university degrees of Pre-school and Primary Education.

The self-expectations as gender differentiating factor by University students

Beatriz Núñez Angulo, Rosa Mª Santamaría Conde

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 230-242

The object of the investigation is to establish the profile of the students who are studying in the EHEA in relation to the expectations of their evaluation, emphasizing the dimension self-concept and self-expectative, both future and current. The self-expectation shows higher positive percentages in the highest categories, questioning ourselves whether there may be differences depending on the gender.At the methodological level, the questionnaire ¨University Expectations¨ [EXPUNI] has been constructed with 40 items, including 13 items of demographic and identification purposes, 26 items adjusted to a Likert scale and the 40 item of free response for comments and suggestions. Additionally, the reliability has been tested, obtaining a Cronbrach alpha of 0.827 and for the validity a factor analysis and expert judgment has been performed. A study from the University of Burgos conducted with 592 students, 109 men [18.4 %] and 483 women [81.6 %] of 1st and 2nd year of the following grades: Education, Social Education, Master of Elementary Education and Early Childhood Education. The results of the questionnaire allowed us to estimate that there are differences according to different variables, including gender, in connection with future and current self-expectation, inasmuch as each of the items in this dimension has been considered, which are linked to studying hard, having a better performance than friends, receiving congratulations from friends and family and studying depending of the teacher.By way of conclusion, it is important to continue with the measurement of the expectations in all courses, in order to corroborate data obtained so far and make inferences to the University population

Leadership and corporate citizenship: What can we learn from woman leaders in the Andalusian Companies

Trinidad Núñez Domínguez, Araceli Estebaranz García

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 243-254

This paper presents a study of business leadership in medium and large Andalusian companies with a gender focus. It is related with corporate responsibility practices, emphasizing ethics, social and political demands of the business world. This is part of the axis of Equal Opportunities in the work of the Equal Project, an initiative of the European Social Fund (2002-2007). Key concepts, research methodology: Both quantitative, using cuestionnaires, and qualitative, by interviewing, methods and results are defined. Quantitative data on the participation of women in the business, and the qualitative ones that show hotspots are presented: General skills and significant professional women managers and barriers to equality. The conclusions point to the need for a corporate culture change around social responsibility measures to advance equal opportunities, and with it the integration of skills and people in the world of work: the development of more effective and flexible forms of work organization, the Joint leadership and support services that make it possible to reconcile family and professional life as well as to reduce the wage gap between sexes, and support the abolition of the horizontal and vertical occupational segregation. Finally, guidelines for the training of people as citizens, and their relationship to corporate citizenship are suggested.

Measures developed by the government to encourage retention in the education system and ensure access to the labor market on an equal footing

Rosario Ordóñez-Sierra, María-José Gómez-Torres

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 255-268

The present study is integrated within the project of research DER 2012-36755 "labour market, career transitions and age: young people and over 55 years of age", financed by the Secretariat of State for Research, Development and Innovation. Therein, it is left from the set of measures that the Government of Spain approved in March 2013 called 'Strategy 2013-2016 youth employment and entrepreneurship' which is part of the national reform plan presented by the Government in response to the European Union recommendations in the field of youth employment. Among the 100 proposals have been identified for our study a total of 30 irectly related to vocational training for the integration of young people into the labour market. Specifically, in this paper, an analysis of state regulation, Andalusian and ARGOS observatory on the m3 measure, which projects the permanence of students in the education system and ensure access to the labor market on equal terms is presented. Pretending to know also,
training and integration into the labor market in the Andalusian autonomous community from the gender point of view, as the situation of women in vocational training and the labor market has been taken as a case study. The main conclusion that vocational training has become much more egalitarian, as it has significantly matched the proportion of men and women who enrolled, but still a great professional branches segregation and gender

Women vindicating school participation to become full right citizens: A research project in rural areas in Latin America

Benjamin Zufiaurre, Olga Belletich,

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 269-280

Research on “gender” has developed the last decades as an important theoretical and empirical field of research. But in times of crisis, when lower classes, race minorities, citizens on the margin, and the poor, are the excluded for sectarian reasons, disparities between men and women increase. This is particularly observed in those spaces where the internationally defined global dominance order disrupts local paths to development. In rural areas in Latin America, men and women are unequal. In this paper, in order to generate new paths towards equality, we aim to investigate in which ways, under which educational premises, and under what social organizations, gendered negative features can be minimized. To get to this point, we are forced to analyze what means sharing public and private spheres of life in one and another context and circumstance. Evidently, gender stereotypes are not fixed, neither gender heritage. They are a result of mixed circumstances related to how the relations of dominion and dominance are established in a colonial modeled order which oppresses the oppressed and leaves no space to find a balance to develop human rights and citizenship participation for men and women in this time in history