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The objective of Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers is to disseminate good academic practices and research results of teaching professionals. JETT pretends to become an educational research database to help spreading young researchers works-masters and doctorates students above all- and to serve as an advertising vehicle for works ¨under writing or article handouts¨. Besides, another function for JETT will be the diffusion of new publications through reviews.
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Journal Information

Culturological approach as a conceptual basis for renewing modern higher pedagogical education

Viktoriya Tusheva; Anatoly Guba; Kateryna Kalina; Olha Temchenko

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 1-7
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.001

The article substantiates the prospects and productivity of the culturological approach, in the context
of which culture is considered to be a source of content of higher pedagogical education and as a
method of its research and design. Theoretical deduction of the concept of “culture” allows us to
focus on the definitions that expand understanding of the essence of culture. The relationship
between education and culture, a person and culture is revealed. The application of culturological
approach in modern pedagogy is asserted, which provides a view of pedagogical phenomena and
processes as cultural phenomena, requires certain ways of their cultural description, interpretation
and construction, and focuses on a broad approach to culture and education in the context of general
philosophical understanding. Probable changes in the content of pedagogical education in the context
of the culturological approach, which cause adjustment of educational technologies, are outlined. At
the normative level, it is manifested in the requirements to the content-related component as
“containing culture” and “creating culture”, of the procedural side, which differs in the integrity,
integrative unity of all the components; management of educational and pedagogical activities on the
principles of dialogue and mutual respect; educational space as a culturally appropriate, multicultural
environment; learning technologies as human-dimensional, innovative, value-oriented.


Bilingual education as a prospective form of tertiary education in higher education institutions

Poddubnaya Yana Nikolaevna; Kotov Konstantin Sergeevich; Slukina Anastasia Alekseevna; Aleksandrova Larisa Gennadevna; Martynova Anastasia Sergeevna

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 15-21
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.002

The purpose of this study is to analyse the experience of bilingual education in higher educational
institutions in Europe and consider its merits in terms of the goals of educational programs
implemented in language universities.
Scientific novelty is presented in systematizing the experience of foreign teachers training students in
the methodology of bilingual education; and the merits of bilingual education over common language
education.
The result of the study is the creation of didactic recommendations aimed at minimizing the negative
results of bilingual education, which contribute to more effective progress of students in achieving a
form of bilingual thinking.


Modeling of psychological support of persons with disabilities at the University

Karpushkina N.V.; Kisova V.V.; Koneva I.A.; Kochneva E.M.; Kudryavtsev V.A.; Rossova Y.I.; Fedoseeva N.V.

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 8-14
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.003

The article is devoted to the description of modern approaches to modeling of psychological and
pedagogical support of persons with disabilities and disabilities in higher education. The article
presents a model of psychological and pedagogical support of students with disabilities at the main
stages of higher education, describes in detail the structural components of complex support.
The aim of the study was to develop a model of psychological and pedagogical support for persons
with disabilities and disabilities in the University. The targets, main directions and content of students
' support in the conditions of an inclusive University are defined.
The main directions of psychological and pedagogical support of persons with disabilities and
disabilities in the University are: education, diagnosis, counseling, prevention, correctional and
developmental work, research (methodological) activities, etc. The article describes in detail the content
of these areas for students with disabilities and disabilities. These directions are realized both in work
with students, and their parents, teachers of the higher school.
The modeling of psychological and pedagogical support of inclusive higher education is based on the
following principles: the principle of expansion and formation of tolerant "barrier-free" space, the
principle of subjectivity and socialization, the principle of motivation and activity, the principle of
diabolicality, the principle of variability


Investigation of articles on leadership and school management in turkey

Aycem Birand; Dr.Cemre Günsel Haskasap; Dr.Meryem Bastas

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 22-36
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.004

The aim of this qualitative study is to analyse the content of randomly selected articles on leadership
and school management published in scientific journals in Turkey, and to determine the descriptive
characteristics, main and sub-dimensions, and general trends of those articles. For this purpose, the
“leadership” and “school management” directories were scanned in Google Academy. The samples
comprised randomly selected 30 articles that were published between the years of 2015-2021. The
content analysis of these 30 articles was based on main and sub-themes. The results revealed that when
the main themes of articles about leadership were examined, the subject of pedagogical leadership,
effective leadership and rotational leadership were discussed more than other articles. In addition, in
the articles related to school management, it was observed that organizational silence and favouritism
emerged. These main themes created some negative sub-themes, such as fear, anxiety, anxiety, and lack
of confidence and alienation of staff. In that case, it was observed that teachers were also influenced by
their self-sufficiency perceptions.


Schools as Learning Organizations: Impact of Age & Experience of Preschool Teachers understanding about Disciplines of Learning Organization in Peter Senge’s Model

Dr.Sumaira Noreen; Sadia Shahbaz

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 37-47
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.005

This survey research was designed to notice the impact of age and teaching experience of preschool teachers on their perceptions of Peter Senge’s learning organization concept of five disciplines. The questionnaire was based on Gravin’s tool kit (2008) that was originally being designed for assessing the working of any learning organization. Out of 350 respondents from 10 branches of a private school in Lahore, 300 pre-school teachers had responded back. When analyzed individually, the effect of age and experience about awareness of five disciplines showed a varied response in results but an understanding about Senge’s five disciplines was there in the responses of sample teachers. Data findings revealed that while a comprehensive understanding about all the five disciplines of Peter Senge’s model was not up to the mark, some evidence about their understanding was still commendable because the concept is still emerging in context of Pakistan.

Professional Communication Strategies in the Design Process of an Open Education Tutor

Zolotykhin Sergey Alexandrovich; Mashkina Natalya Pavlovna; Sinkevich Konstantin Mikhailovich; Laktionov Viktor Viktorovich

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 48-56
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.006

The article describes the professional communication strategies in the design activities of an open education tutor and the process of mastering these strategies. This process is based on the close relationship between the tutor's professional-oriented goals and his/her design levels in open education. Communication strategies allow the tutor to implement successfully professional activities in open education. Nowadays the problem of tutors’ mastering the professional communication strategies is very relevant due to the increasing opportunities of open education.
The article presents the progress and results of the experimental work on the testing of the effectiveness of the proposed model of mastering the professional communication strategies by open education tutors. This model is aimed at developing communication skills in the process of their professional activity. In particular, the model is thought to achieve the necessary level of motivation for mastering the professional communication strategies in open education.
The article presents the results of experimental work processed by methods of mathematical statistics. The results presented in the paper confirm the proposed provisions.

Change of students’ strength indicators as a result of training in the gym

Ivashko Natalia Vasilievna; Ryzhenko Oksana Vladimirovna

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 57-60
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.008

Today, due to the ineffective physical education among university students, there is a need in the process of revising the content of PE lessons in order to adapt them to the students’ needs. It is important to update interests and motives in order to replenish the theoretical competence of students about the most productive means and methods of physical education, in order to increase the effectiveness of the performed physical exercises as a way to reach qualitatively different levels of training physical qualities. The article discusses the possibilities of developing students' strength indicators as a result of training in the gym.

The formation of research skills of the master's degree students of choreographic art field of study within the framework of the study of "philosophy of dance" program

Tatiana Vasilievna Portnova

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 61-66
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.009

The objective of the article is the systematic presentation of philosophical approaches to the understanding of dance through the course "Philosophy of Dance", studied at the master's degree level in the "Choreographic Art" field of study.  The mastering of theoretical and practical skills of sensemaking by means of choreographic art in the system of individual and social self-knowledge have been considered. Studying dance from the philosophical point of view, gives an opportunity to see many facts in its type structure and the history of development in general. Of particular importance is the expansion and deepening of the world outlook and research interest of master's students to modern historical, philosophical and aesthetic assessments of various aspects that take place in the art of dance, the analytical consideration of the range of philosophical interpretations of choreographic works and their inclusion in the independent process of reflection on stage practice.  With the help of competence characteristics, the importance of forming the skills of philosophical analysis of choreographic works, their evaluation using anthropological, ethical and aesthetic criteria have been shown. Mastering the culture of thinking, the ability to perceive, analyze and generalize the aesthetic image in the context of studying the philosophical paradigm of dance contribute to the formation of research interest in it.

Problems of physical accessibility of components of a tourism product for persons with disabilities

Daitov Viktor Viktorovich

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 67-71
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.007

The study was carried out in order to determine the compliance of the infrastructure of the tourist
product of the Republic of Dagestan with the requirements of a barrier-free environment. The
availability of accommodation facilities, social and cultural facilities, beaches has been investigated.
The prospects for the development of research in this area in the future are determined


Professional competencies as a component of professional training of a fitness trainer-teacher in higher education institutions

Oksana Kornosenko; Pavlo Khomenko; Iryna Taranenko; Valeriy Zhamardiy; Olena Shkola; Hanna Tolchieva; Volodymyr Saienko; Nataliya Batieieva; Petro Kyzim

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 72-81
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.010

The article presents professional competencies as an important component in the professional training of future trainers-teachers of fitness in higher education institutions. The purpose of the work is to substantiate professional competencies in the professional training of future trainers-teachers in fitness in higher education institutions. The effectiveness of the use of professional competencies in professional activities is ensured by a combination of medical-biological, social-humanitarian and psychological knowledge from sports and pedagogical disciplines. The learning process is based on integrative interdisciplinary links, unity and interconnection of sports and professional and pedagogical improvement of physical and mental abilities with the use of modern information and communication technologies, cooperation of teachers and fitness trainers, development of international relations and cooperation.  The use of modern educational technologies, special computer programs in combination with traditional forms of professional training provides an opportunity to increase the effectiveness of training. In the case of the use of such training in the formation of professional competencies, almost all students are involved in cognitive activities, constant exchange of knowledge. At the same time, information and communication technologies almost naturally combine methods and means of learning and data processing. In order for graduates to become highly qualified and competent professionals, they need not only to acquire a certain set of knowledge and skills, but also to gain sufficient experience in modern information technology, and most importantly, to acquire the ability to self-development, improving their professional competencies.
 

On the development of the socio-psychological (forensic) portrait of the "Quarantine" criminal

Kaliuga K.V.; Pokataev P.S; Lukashevych V.G; Hryshyna T.A; Pavlenko I.O

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 82-88
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.011

The announced problems did not arise today from scratch. It seemed that in modern society, with its developed system of hygiene, medicine, sanitary and epidemiological measures for the prevention of diseases (prevention, vaccination, etc.), the mass and uncontrolled spread of dangerous infectious diseases that covered not only local areas, but and entire countries, remained only in the memories of the distant past.
But! As it turned out, the existing means of control were not enough, and now a new coronavirus with the code name - COVID-19 is rapidly spreading around the world and the spread of which is determined by the WHO pandemic.
One of the measures to combat the spread of the virus was the isolation of citizens and, accordingly, a decrease of their activity. But the activity of criminals has not decreased - on the contrary, new circumstances give them the opportunity to more effectively carry out their actions. Therefore, the development of a typical psychological (criminalistic) portrait of a criminal with a conditional name - “quarantine”, seems relevant and promising.
Against the backdrop of outbreaks of coronavirus, more and more people do not part with medical masks, respirators. Although the mask provides some protection against infection, it significantly complicates the process of biometric authentication, which complicates the work of even artificial intelligence technologies.
 

Arab Studies and Arab-Islamic Languages and Research in Imperial Russian Universities: Kazan and St. Petersburg Universities (1804 –1855)

R.M. Valeev; R.Z. Valeeva; D.R. Khayrutdinov

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 94-103
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.013

The authors of this article focus on issues related to history, factors, and trends in the development of Arab-Islamic studies in the Russian Empire. The article presents an overview and systematization of the main events, names, as well as some features of the formation of educational traditions of teaching Arab-Islamic languages, as well as key focus areas and results of historical and cultural studies of Muslim peoples of the Near and Middle East and the Russian Muslim East at Kazan and St. Petersburg Universities in the first half of the 19th century.
Complex academic and university courses and subjects Arab studies, Iranian studies and Turkology – in the Russian Empire in the first half of the 19th century became important components of the disciplinary and institutional development of modern Oriental studies and are presented as a certain historical, scientific, social and cultural phenomenon of humanitarian research of personas and societies of the Islamic East. These Orientalist fields of research contributed to the knowledge of the national history of Russian state and society, particularly the territories, peoples and cultures of the Empire that were organically connected with the Islamic world.

Post-revolution oriental studies in the ussr: correspondence between v. V. Bartold and a. Y. Krymsky in the 1920s

R.M. Valeev; R.Z. Valeeva; O.D. Vasylyuk; D.R. Khayrutdinov; S.A. Kirillina

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 104-116
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.014

The primary reason for writing this article is a very special date – the 150th anniversary of the birth of academician and Orientalist V. V. Bartold, an event celebrated in Russia in 2019. At the turn of the twentieth century the scholar and humanist wrote: "Under the influence of the Golden East, Wonderland works written by European orientalists, the East of One Thousand and One Nights gradually retreats into the realm of legends; instead, the picture of the actual life of the Eastern peoples unfolds before us, and we find out the reasons that determined the course of their history and their role in the history of humankind.1 " Famous intellectuals and thinkers V. V. Bartold (1869-1930) and A.Y. Krymsky (1871-1942) and their legacy vividly showcase the earthly fate, scientific achievements and spiritual experience of the history of classical Oriental studies in Russia and Europe.
The collections of the Institute of Manuscripts of the V.I. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine hold 10 letters written by V.V. Bartold addressed to A.Y. Krymsky, while the St. Petersburg Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences keeps seven response letters from A.Y. Krymsky. Although the extant correspondence covers a period of twenty years, from 1908 to 1928, this article will focus on the significance of letters dating from the 1920s. The legacy of A.Y. Krymsky and V. V. Bartold has great historical, scientific and cultural weight in the history of Russian, Ukrainian, and European Oriental studies.
The article analyzes the unpublished correspondence between V.V. Bartold and A.Y. Krymsky between 1922 and 1928. It contains valuable data which helps reconstruct the main trends of contemporary academic life and improve understanding of existing problems in the field of Oriental studies in Russia in the 1920s. The correspondence of these distinguished scholars showcases their common professional interest in both the state of Oriental studies and the educational system.

Project for the development of Oriental studies in Kazan in the early 19th century: On opening vocational schools for Oriental languages in the Kazan school district

Ramil Valeev; Roza Valeeva; Dinar Khayrutdinov

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 117-122
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.015

Today Russian academic centers, including Kazan Federal University, are unique comprehensive research and education institutions that conduct research on both classical and modern subjects and implement original professional educational programs. In the history and culture of the peoples of Russia and the historical and cultural area of Volga-Urals in particular, Kazan University and its schools of sciences have played an exceptional role. The period from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries was marked by successful development of Asian and African research in Russia and Europe. A cohort of outstanding Russian orientalists, who represented many various ethnic groups of Russia, have provided globally relevant complex philological, historical, archaeological and ethnographic studies in academic and university centers of our country. Oriental studies became an important educational and scientific discipline and area of focus starting from the earliest days of the university community of Kazan. Lecturers and professors of Kazan Imperial University introduced the society to the history and culture of the peoples of both overseas East and the Eastern part of the Russian Empire, as well as expanded the understanding of the cultural legacy of both ancient and modern Asia. The article presents an analysis of the official project developed by the Board of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire and devoted to the formation of Oriental studies (including the research of Asian and African languages) in Kazan in the early 19th century.

Vandalism in castles, Tentors and the enhanced core of the historical Russian city

Natalia Nikolaevna Shelshakova

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 123-131
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.016

The article describes the results of the work of the analytical department of an independent security system. The history of the creation of a criminal community at the state and regional levels is presented. The forms and types of work of the members of the criminal community are described. The article is based on an analysis of documents, anonymous sources, conversations with witnesses, self-reflection, etc. After the Second World War, people who, during the war, committed a number of war crimes against civilians by order of military commanders (redistribution of lands, redistribution of money resources, sexual crimes). This task was set thanks to the establishment of contacts with foreign agents who tortured concentration camp prisoners. The criminals released them on the condition of conducting terrorist actions against the Soviet people after the war (economy, social sphere, world order, etc.).

Turkological and Ottomanic legacy of A.Y. Krymsky and Oriental studies in Russia (1896 – 1941)

Ramil M.Valeev; Roza Z.Valeeva; Dinar R. Khayrutdinov; Oksana D.Vasylyuk

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 132-142
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.017

Research of the Turkic (including Asia Minor), social-political, cultural and ethnolinguistic space of Eurasia is a significant and long-standing tradition of practical and academic research centers of Russia and Europe, including Ukraine. The Turkic (including Ottoman) political and cultural legacy played an especially important role in the history and culture of the peoples of Russia, Ukraine and modern Turkic states. Famous states and societies of the Turkic world (Turkish Khaganates, Volga Bulgaria, the Ulus of Jochi, the Ottoman Empire and other states of the Middle Ages and the modern period), the geographical and historical-cultural areas that were traditionally occupied by Turkic peoples of the Russian and Ottoman empires and Eurasia in general became a subject of academic research done by Russian and European orientalists (experts on Turkic and Ottoman history and culture) of the 19th early 20th centuries.
A. Y. Krymsky made an enormous contribution into the research of the history and culture of Turkic peoples of Eurasia, and any further studies of his rich academic legacy in Turkology and Ottoman studies during the main periods of his work in Moscow and Kiev remain of great relevance.

Questions of Scientific Research on Violence and Inequality Applied to Women

Mikhail F.Kostyuk; Elena V.Kunts

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 143-146
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.018

In the last decade of the 21st century, research on discrimination and violence against women has increased rapidly. Such close attention of the world community to the inequality of women and violence against them contributes to a large-scale international recognition of the need and timely development of scientific approaches that take into account gender issues on a fairly stable basis. However, the problem of the legal status of women in connection with their increasing activity in public life has not received much attention from the point of view of scientific research. As a result, there are no comparative data in this area. Research work with a gender perspective is needed to assess the role and scope of this phenomenon and to draw scientific conclusions, regulations and recommendations for reforms in the adoption of draft laws, social policies and solutions.

The phenomenon of a future teacher’s scientific-research culture under the new socio-cultural conditions

Viktoriya Tusheva

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 147-153
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.019

The article reveals the essence of a future teacher’s scientific-research culture on the basis of polyparadigmal approach. It enabled to outline the features of functioning and development of this personal phenomenon in a multidimensional socio-cultural scientific and educational environment cohesively and systematically basing it on multidisciplinary strategies. It is concluded that the formation of a future teacher’s scientific-research culture will ensure rapid reaction to the conditions and requirements of pedagogical science, the high level of “metaknowledge” and “metaskills”, the achievement of which takes place in the process of mastering various scientific methods, the rapid adaptation under the conditions of frequent changes in scientific paradigms, finding fundamentally new ways of solving scientific problems. This can be achieved owing to mastering professional personal qualities (theoretical thinking, scientific style of thinking, methodological consciousness, self-awareness) and technological mechanism of scientific-research activity on the integrative basis.

The substantiation of the essence of a future teacher’s professional culture as a personal phenomenon from the standpoint of the culturological approach

Viktoriya Tusheva

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 154-160
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.020

The article covers various definitions of the concept of “culture”, which expand and fill the concept of “a teacher’s professional culture” with a new meaning and content. The specified personal phenomenon is viewed on the basis of the culturological approach and it manifests itself in the permanent process of professional and personal development and self-development, identifying humanistic orientation, self-actualization, and, in this regard, the ability to carry out purposeful activities, find the new meanings of the professional life, professional “self”, professional functions, find the ways of one’s “essential forces” realization. The definition of the problem field allowed us to identify the tasks of the possible directions of the formative process in relation to a future teacher’s professional culture. The task should be focused around future teachers’ culturological and worldview preparation.

Education and a philosophical approach to teaching inelementary school around the world

Ji Xiuqin

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 161-164
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.021

This article attempts to analyze modern education systems in relation to the philosophy of education.
The paper presents comparative data of educational systems of different countries of the world, that
have interesting and significant differences, taking into account national, religious, economic and
political characteristics


Impact and features of Chinese realism in painting with focus on tradition and modernity

Yang pingping

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 165-172
DOI: 10.47750/jett.2021.12.01.022

The relevance of the research topic lies in the fact that Western trends dominate in contemporary the Chinese realistic art, while interest in traditional painting techniques in a realistic direction has practically disappeared. To preserve the national cultural heritage, it is necessary to study more carefully the possibilities of applying traditional ideas in modern realistic painting. The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the traditional foundations of Chinese painting and their applied value for teaching students of modern painting. The objectives of the research are to analyze the scientific literature on the topic, conduct a survey among students to assess the traditions of Chinese re-artistic painting, as well as summarize the results of empirical research. The research methodology includes the methods of the general scientific group (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction), as well as methods of art history analysis: historical and logical; analogy method; method of formal comparison. In an empirical study, the method of statistical analysis was used, applied using the program Neural Designer, a tool for advanced statistical analysis. The research materials were the results of a survey of 3rd year students (bachelor’s degree). Three groups of students were interviewed, each of which included 25 people: two experimental groups and one control group. The author of the study came to the conclusion that the combination of traditional and modern techniques in realistic painting in the classroom can increase the motivation for learning, develop new technical skills among students studying in the specialty «painting and graphics».

Parents´ attitudes towards children´s adjustment to a pre-school institution

Marija R. Markovic; Anastasija S. Mamutovic; Zorica C. Stanisavljevic Petrovic

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

The aim of this research study is to examine parents´ attitudes towards the process of children´s adjustment to a pre-school institution, as well as towards separation difficulties which are encountered when a child starts attending kindergarten. Research results provide answers to whether parents are familiar with the problems manifested in the children´s adjustment process, as well as with the possibilities of successfully overcoming such issues. The research included 763 parents of pre-school children in the territory of Serbia. The differences in parents´ attitudes have been analysed relative to their sex, education and age. In the course of research the authors resorted to a five-point Likert scale composed of 16 items grouped into the following categories: factors which influence the process of adjustment, indicators of a successfully completed adjustment process and methods for overcoming the issues raised in the process of children´s adjustment to a pre-school institution. Parents believe that children´s satisfaction when they attend kindergarten is a more significant indicator of a successfully completed adjustment process relative to the absence of crying and deprecation, as well as that for the purposes of overcoming the difficulties which occur when children start attending a pre-school institution parents most frequently introduce pre-school teachers to their child´s habits and traits, and later talk with the child about events in the kindergarten. Research results indicate the presence of statistically significant differences in parents´ attitudes relative to their sex, i.e. they indicate that the adjustment period is more stressful for mothers than for fathers.

Children of parents with mental health vulnerability: implications and family-centered support

Ana Fraga; Ana Maria Serrano; Susana Caires

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

World data shows that symptoms of mental health vulnerability in the population are increasing. This scenario leads to children growing up in contexts whose parents have mental health vulnerability. These children are known as �Sforgotten or invisible⬝. In Portugal, Early Childhood Intervention (ECI), based on family-centered practices, is the main support for these children and families. Nevertheless, the eligibility criteria for services include three risk factors additionally to parents mental vulnerability. This research aims to understand the family context of these children and find existing responses on supporting their development and parenting. Based on a qualitative methodology, semi-structured interviews were made to three mothers with depression, as well as to ECI professionals that support them. The results show that parental mental illness has implications on mothers, children, and the whole family system. It compromises the exercise of parenting, the misunderstanding of parental mental illness, the expression of negative feelings and parentification by children, making them vulnerable to mental illness. These families reveal a higher number of risk factors than protective factors, compromising family´s resilience. Results also demonstrate the need for ECI specialized professional preparation, since this study found gaps concerning knowledge on family-centered practices. Results also suggest the need of coordination between ECI and Mental Health and Psychiatry services, as well as the inclusion of parental mental illness as an independent eligibility criteria for ECI.

Home visiting in early intervention: Professionals perception in the north of Portugal

Cristina Filipa Nunes Borges; Ana Paula da Silva Pereira

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

The Early Intervention carried out in the natural context of the child, particularly at home, has been presenting better and growing indicators of benefits, since it is an environment in which the child and family feel more comfortable and in which the professional considers establishing a more positive relationship with the family. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand, from the professionals' point of view, the set of benefits and fragilities for the families and for the professional, of Early Intervention support at home. For that purpose, a qualitative methodology was used, using the semi-structured interview as a data collection tool. Professionals report that families feel safer when they are supported in this context because they consider it a demurer and more private environment, thus allowing a greater proximity to the professional. They also consider that parents should be encouraged and empowered to participate actively in the whole support process, while emphasizing the need to enhance their skills and provide them with information and strategies that encourage them to participate. They highlight as fragility of home support, the difficulty of entering families' homes because they feel that they are invading their privacy.

Socio-cultural values provided to pre-school children using traditional children games

Mustafa Yeniasır; Burak Gökbulut

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

With the development of technology, traditional games which had an essential place in the lives of children began to lose their importance and were replaced by computer games. An examination of developed countries shows that their unique traditional games are being protected and, thanks to conscious families are nurtured by national values; thus, they serve an extremely important function in terms of shaping national conscience. The value of traditional children�"s games can be better understood considering the possibility that especially pre-school children can be affected by the artificial and virtual culture imposed by technological devices. Pre-school period is a period when value education in children begins. Information on values is gained at every stage of life. However, the earliest information is acquired through traditional games in the period when personality begins to develop. In this study, 25 children were presented with Cypriot Turkish children�"s games such as hide-and-seek, house, blind man�"s buff, dodge ball and duck duck goose. Then children were urged to play these games and observations were made which was followed by interviews with children to obtain their opinions on games and game processes. In the study, it was seen that children acquired several values required by social life such as respect, courtesy, helping each other, courage, love, protection, honesty, forgiveness, respect for the environment, patience, and obeying rules.

Response to Intervention in Kindergarten: supporting foundational and comprehension skills with supplemental instruction

Carmen Sherry Brown

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

Response to Intervention (RtI) is a multi-tier approach to the early identification and support of students with learning needs. Although there is not a single definition or agreed-upon way of implementing RtI, the key features of this approach involve gathering information on students�" skills to help teachers plan and organize instruction, providing evidence-based interventions and supports, and monitoring student progress in learning (Gersten et al., 2008). The Institute of Education Service (IES) published practice guides to offer educators specific evidence-based recommendations for supporting reading skills to students in kindergarten through 3rd grade. These guides were used as a framework to plan and implement instructional activities that were intended to support the literacy development of students in a kindergarten class.

Parents´ attitudes towards children´s adjustment to a pre-school institution

Marija R. Markovic; Anastasija S. Mamutovic; Zorica C. Stanisavljevic Petrovic

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

The aim of this research study is to examine parents´ attitudes towards the process of children´s adjustment to a pre-school institution, as well as towards separation difficulties which are encountered when a child starts attending kindergarten. Research results provide answers to whether parents are familiar with the problems manifested in the children´s adjustment process, as well as with the possibilities of successfully overcoming such issues. The research included 763 parents of pre-school children in the territory of Serbia. The differences in parents´ attitudes have been analysed relative to their sex, education and age. In the course of research the authors resorted to a five-point Likert scale composed of 16 items grouped into the following categories: factors which influence the process of adjustment, indicators of a successfully completed adjustment process and methods for overcoming the issues raised in the process of children´s adjustment to a pre-school institution. Parents believe that children´s satisfaction when they attend kindergarten is a more significant indicator of a successfully completed adjustment process relative to the absence of crying and deprecation, as well as that for the purposes of overcoming the difficulties which occur when children start attending a pre-school institution parents most frequently introduce pre-school teachers to their child´s habits and traits, and later talk with the child about events in the kindergarten. Research results indicate the presence of statistically significant differences in parents´ attitudes relative to their sex, i.e. they indicate that the adjustment period is more stressful for mothers than for fathers.

Children of parents with mental health vulnerability: implications and family-centered support

Ana Fraga; Ana Maria Serrano; Susana Caires

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

World data shows that symptoms of mental health vulnerability in the population are increasing. This scenario leads to children growing up in contexts whose parents have mental health vulnerability. These children are known as �Sforgotten or invisible⬝. In Portugal, Early Childhood Intervention (ECI), based on family-centered practices, is the main support for these children and families. Nevertheless, the eligibility criteria for services include three risk factors additionally to parents mental vulnerability. This research aims to understand the family context of these children and find existing responses on supporting their development and parenting. Based on a qualitative methodology, semi-structured interviews were made to three mothers with depression, as well as to ECI professionals that support them. The results show that parental mental illness has implications on mothers, children, and the whole family system. It compromises the exercise of parenting, the misunderstanding of parental mental illness, the expression of negative feelings and parentification by children, making them vulnerable to mental illness. These families reveal a higher number of risk factors than protective factors, compromising family´s resilience. Results also demonstrate the need for ECI specialized professional preparation, since this study found gaps concerning knowledge on family-centered practices. Results also suggest the need of coordination between ECI and Mental Health and Psychiatry services, as well as the inclusion of parental mental illness as an independent eligibility criteria for ECI.

Socio-cultural values provided to pre-school children using traditional children games

Mustafa Yeniasır; Burak Gökbulut

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

With the development of technology, traditional games which had an essential place in the lives of children began to lose their importance and were replaced by computer games. An examination of developed countries shows that their unique traditional games are being protected and, thanks to conscious families are nurtured by national values; thus, they serve an extremely important function in terms of shaping national conscience. The value of traditional children�"s games can be better understood considering the possibility that especially pre-school children can be affected by the artificial and virtual culture imposed by technological devices. Pre-school period is a period when value education in children begins. Information on values is gained at every stage of life. However, the earliest information is acquired through traditional games in the period when personality begins to develop. In this study, 25 children were presented with Cypriot Turkish children�"s games such as hide-and-seek, house, blind man�"s buff, dodge ball and duck duck goose. Then children were urged to play these games and observations were made which was followed by interviews with children to obtain their opinions on games and game processes. In the study, it was seen that children acquired several values required by social life such as respect, courtesy, helping each other, courage, love, protection, honesty, forgiveness, respect for the environment, patience, and obeying rules.

Home visiting in early intervention: Professionals perception in the north of Portugal

Cristina Filipa Nunes Borges; Ana Paula da Silva Pereira

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages -

The Early Intervention carried out in the natural context of the child, particularly at home, has been presenting better and growing indicators of benefits, since it is an environment in which the child and family feel more comfortable and in which the professional considers establishing a more positive relationship with the family. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand, from the professionals' point of view, the set of benefits and fragilities for the families and for the professional, of Early Intervention support at home. For that purpose, a qualitative methodology was used, using the semi-structured interview as a data collection tool. Professionals report that families feel safer when they are supported in this context because they consider it a demurer and more private environment, thus allowing a greater proximity to the professional. They also consider that parents should be encouraged and empowered to participate actively in the whole support process, while emphasizing the need to enhance their skills and provide them with information and strategies that encourage them to participate. They highlight as fragility of home support, the difficulty of entering families' homes because they feel that they are invading their privacy.

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