Outlining International English language proficiency tests: A survey-based study on its need, purpose and scope in the backdrop of Migration
Keywords:English Language Proficiency tests, IELTS, TOEFL, OET
English as an international language and its proficiency is a gateway for Career, Education and Migration. In order to ensure the same, there are many international English language tests are conducted by different organizations worldwide. Their results and score are considered as a mandatory eligibility criterion for job, education and migration by different organizations and institutions. All these tests are primarily testing the ability of a candidate in the four skills of English Language. This article refers various international English language proficiency tests, its features, question and scoring pattern. The commonly used tests are IELTS, TOEFL, Duolingo English Test, OET, CPE (C2 Proficiency), CAE (C1 Advanced), PTE (Pearson Test of English Academic), TOEIC, iTEP, CELPIP, CAEL, MTELP. It also describes how these tests are differ each other in purpose and patten. The researcher conducted a short survey among UG freshers to analyze their awareness and confidence in English language proficiency tests. The results show that many of the UG learners wish to migrate to foreign countries for higher studies but they don’t have enough awareness regarding the proficiency tests. One of the predominant problems for many non-native speakers of English to secure a good job and failed to be recognized and rewarded in accordance with their skill, is the inefficiency to use English language. Therefore, coaching centers for these tests and its rigorous preparation is a lucrative business in non-European countries especially in a scenario where migration is encouraged. Often, the lack of awareness about these tests and its purpose will mislead the test takers. It is also important to choose the right test as per the field and purpose as the scores of the test.