Significance of students´ activities for the learning process, qualitative analysis in primary education in Republic of Macedonia


  • Milena Pejchinovska “St. Kliment Ohridski“ University
  • Violeta Janusheva “St. Kliment Ohridski“ University
  • Bisera Kostadinovska-Stojchevska “St. Kliment Ohridski“ University


The activities that students accomplish in the learning process are indicators of the developmental changes and the progress achieved by the students themselves in the educational process; hence they are essential for the educational process. In order for the learning process to be effective, the basic principle stands that the students' activities have to derive from the educational goals and contents. Recognizing this, the aim of this paper is to indicate that good-quality, well-planned and structured students’ activities, that derive from the educational objectives and the principles of active learning can lead to effectuation of the students’ learning process in the natural science field in primary school. The research of a problem of such kind is empirical with a descriptive character. The qualitative methods used to approach the problem are: analysis of pedagogical documentation and daily operational plans and preparations; a non-direct interview with teachers that will examine their attitudes towards lesson-planning; and participative (descriptive and focused) observation of the overall planning and realization of the students’ activities in the educational practice in primary school