Establishing Quality Instrument for the Summative Assessment of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers


  • Apolinaria Daquioag- Andres



Assessment, Face validation, Content Validation, Reliability, Item analysis


The study aims to establish the quality of assessment instrument that is administered in the final term examination among pre- service elementary teachers. The test is a 50- item multiple choices type that covered the topics discussed during the term. It was administered among 106 second year students who were enrolled in the course. Quality of the test was determined through face validity, content validity, reliability, index of difficulty, index of discrimination, and item distracters of the test. Face validation of the test was done using the criteria and guidelines while content validation was determined through the Table of Specifications (TOS) of the test. Internal consistency of the test was established using Kuder- Richardson Formula 21 (KRF21). The index of difficulty, index of
discrimination, and measure of attractiveness of item distracters of the test were determined using the item analysis procedures and applying the corresponding formulas needed. The results revealed that the test has its face validity, acceptable content validity, and high internal consistency. Item analysis also disclosed that most of the items have moderate index of difficulty, are discriminating and have effective distracters.