Increasing Motivation of Primary School Pupils’ Studying


  • Viktoriia I. Prokopchuk


Motivation, Studying (Learning), Primary School, Secondary School of I Degree.


The scientific investigation reveals the topic of increasing the motivation of primary school pupils’
studying, which is relevant today and requires careful study. Data from the Institute of Educational
Analytics, the German Internet Portal of statistics Statista, the World Bank and the international
organization World Population Review have been used in the context of solving the problem of
increasing motivation of primary school pupils’ studying in in Ukraine and Germany. The processing
of statistics requires the use of methods of theoretical substantiation, analysis and comparison in the
study. According to the World Bank’s education quality rating, Germany was ranked as one of the best
countries with a high level of education quality in 2015-2017, and Ukraine ranked the 54th and the 56th
places respectively. It has been found that today both in Germany and Ukraine an improvement of
pupils’ studying at school is observed, it has been found that in the period of 2016-2018 the number of
elementary schools in Ukraine decreased sharply, in Germany during 2008-2018 it has been a similar
situation. The results of the series of studies have shown the presence in the practice of the activities of
educators, psychologists and scientists, specializing in the study of this issue, a significant number of
available and potential ways for increasing motivation. It has been studied the reasons for the learning
motivation decrease and the factors influencing it, as well as five levels of learning motivation in
primary school. In author’s opinion, the ARCS model is relevant nowadays, because it focuses on the
motivational aspects of the educational environment and includes four components of motivation. It
has been proved, that it is necessary to provide the innovative teaching methods in Ukrainian school
during evaluation process. IT programs, that can improve the learning process and increase motivation
in primary education has been presented.