Education of self-protection skills for kindergarten students by methods of experiential approach: A case study in Kindergartens in Dinh Hoa District, Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam
AbstractThe issue of self-protection skills education for preschool children in preschools in mountainous areas is extremely urgent to help the children avoid dangers from the surrounding environment. By experiential approach, the process was built and self-protection skill activities were organized for student at preschool, then the effectiveness of the activity on children was evaluated so as to give recommendations to effectively organize self-protection skill education activities for preschool children in mountainous areas. A variety of research methods such as: interdisciplinary approach, process observation method (Leuven scale), interview method, mathematical statistical method (SPSS 20.0 software), case exercises, etc. were used. Research results show that children's feeling of comfort when participating in activities, children's participation in activities and the level of children's self-protection skills are average at the level from 2.1 to 2.3 on a 4-point scale. Kindergarten students in pre-schools in mountainous areas are mainly ethnic minority children, who are shy and are not fluent in Vietnamese. Because of the activities organized according to the experiential approach, the children could interact directly with the objects, so the children become more active, self-aware and proactive in acquiring knowledge and forming self-protection skills.